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examine

[ig-zam-in]
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verb (used with object), ex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing.
  1. to inspect or scrutinize carefully: to examine a prospective purchase.
  2. to observe, test, or investigate (a person's body or any part of it), especially in order to evaluate general health or determine the cause of illness.
  3. to inquire into or investigate: to examine one's motives.
  4. to test the knowledge, reactions, or qualifications of (a pupil, candidate, etc.), as by questions or assigning tasks.
  5. to subject to legal inquisition; put to question in regard to conduct or to knowledge of facts; interrogate: to examine a witness; to examine a suspect.
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Origin of examine

1275–1325; Middle English < Middle French examiner < Latin exāmināre to weigh, examine, test, equivalent to exāmin- (stem of exāmen examen) + -āre infinitive ending
Related formsex·am·in·a·ble, adjectiveex·am·i·na·to·ri·al [ig-zam-uh-nuh-tawr-ee-uh l, -tohr-] /ɪgˌzæm ə nəˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/, adjectiveex·am·in·er, nounex·am·in·ing·ly, adverbpre·ex·am·ine, verb (used with object), pre·ex·am·ined, pre·ex·am·in·ing.pre·ex·am·in·er, nounsub·ex·am·in·er, nounsu·per·ex·am·in·er, nounun·ex·am·in·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·am·ined, adjectiveun·ex·am·in·ing, adjectivewell-ex·am·ined, adjective

Synonyms

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1. search, probe, explore, study. 3. quiz.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for examining

examine

verb (tr)
  1. to look at, inspect, or scrutinize carefully or in detail; investigate
  2. education to test the knowledge or skill of (a candidate) in (a subject or activity) by written or oral questions or by practical tests
  3. law to interrogate (a witness or accused person) formally on oath
  4. med to investigate the state of health of (a patient)
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Derived Formsexaminable, adjectiveexaminer, nounexamining, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre to weigh, from exāmen means of weighing; see examen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for examining

examine

v.

c.1300, from Old French examiner "interrogate, question, torture," from Latin examinare "to test or try; weigh, consider, ponder," from examen "a means of weighing or testing," probably ultimately from exigere "weigh accurately" (see exact). Related: Examined; examining.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

examining in Medicine

examine

(ĭg-zămĭn)
v.
  1. To study or analyze an organic material.
  2. To test or check the condition or health of.
  3. To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.