- the examination before a judicial tribunal of the facts put in issue in a cause, often including issues of law as well as those of fact.
- the determination of a person's guilt or innocence by due process of law.
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Idioms for trial
- undergoing examination before a judicial tribunal.
- undergoing a probationary or trial period.
synonym study for trial
OTHER WORDS FROM trial
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH trialtrail trial
Words nearby trial
Definition for trial (2 of 2)
What does trial mean?
In general, a trial is a test or an experiment.
Most commonly, the word refers to a criminal trial in a courtroom before a judge and jury. It is also often used in a scientific context to refer to things like clinical trials and drug trials. It can also refer to a hardship. It is commonly used in phrases like trial and error and trial by fire. It is most commonly used as a noun but it can also be used as an adjective and a verb.
Example: There are 500 people participating in our research trial for a new heart medication.
Where does trial come from?
The first records of trial come from the 1500s. It comes from the Anglo-French trier, meaning “to try” (the word try comes from the same term).
In a general sense, a trial of something is a test of it. This sense is seen in the common phrase trial and error, which refers to a process of continually trying or testing something, making mistakes, and trying and testing it again until you get it right. If you decide to test something out for a limited amount of time, you do so with a trial run or during a trial period.
Trial can be used to describe an ordeal or situation that subjects someone to trying times, testing their strength or endurance, as in the expression trials and tribulations. A trial by fire is a test of one’s abilities under pressure.
A trial by jury is also a kind of test, and if you’re the one on trial, you’ll need a trial lawyer. In a scientific context, a clinical trial is an investigation of a new medical treatment to see if it will work in humans. Pharmaceutical trials and drug trials test whether new medicines are safe and effective. Such medicines are said to be in the process of being trialled.
Athletes in certain sports must compete against other athletes in trials in order to qualify for a competition. This sense is seen in phrases like Olympic trial and time trial.
Trial has many other specific meanings but they all deal with testing something, trying something out temporarily, or performing an experiment.
Did you know ... ?
What are some other forms related to trial?
- intertrial (adjective)
- mistrial (noun)
- nontrial (noun)
- posttrial (adjective)
- retrial (noun)
What are some synonyms for trial?
What are some words that share a root or word element with trial?
What are some words that often get used in discussing trial?
How is trial used in real life?
The main uses of trial—legal trials, scientific trials, and personal trials—are usually seen in a serious context.
to whoever stole my umbrella during #jpm18: may your next clinical trial fail to be statistically significant
— Stephanie M. Lee (@stephaniemlee) January 9, 2018
On June 19th, 1999 I got hit by a van while taking a walk. As I lay unconscious in the hospital, the docs debated amputating my right leg and decided it could stay, on a trial basis. I got better. Every day of the 20 years since has been a gift.
— Stephen King (@StephenKing) June 19, 2019
Lady in public lane: you’re very good at swimming you know..
Me: erm, thanks
Lady: no seriously, you should try and do a trial with the county club!
Me: erm, well I actually went to a couple of Olympics..
Lady: me too! Which sports did you get manage to get tickets for?
— Lizzie Simmonds (@LizzieSimmonds1) March 10, 2018
Try using trial!
True or False?
Trial can only be used as a noun.
Example sentences from the Web for trial
Meanwhile, almost exactly 30 years after the trial, the judge left his home to board a steamboat and was never heard from again.New York’s Most Tragic Ghost Loves Minimalist Swedish Fashion|Nina Strochlic|January 8, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Seventy-two adults between the ages of 18 and 50 are participating in the trial, led by the pediatrics department at Oxford.
The next phase of the trial consists of vaccinating Ebola workers on the front lines.
They added that the shutdown was temporary and they plan to resume the trial in January.
Just a month from that date, he now no longer believes that to be realistic, and will no longer estimate a timeline for the trial.Prosecutors Have No Idea When 9/11 Mastermind’s Trial Will Start|Tim Mak|December 17, 2014|DAILY BEAST
But during this time, I had to undergo a trial, for which I was entirely unprepared.The Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave|William Wells Brown
The Coxeyites had been in camp a fortnight when their trial began.The Cup of Trembling and Other Stories|Mary Hallock Foote
My son, my son, do not trifle with us in this our hour of trial.
Whatever doubt exists in verse 12 about trial or temptation vanishes in verse 13.Studies in the Epistle of James|A. T. Robertson
Yet persons who by melancholy are cast into diseased fears and scrupulosities, are uncapable of this way of trial.A Christian Directory (Volume 1 of 4)|Richard Baxter
British Dictionary definitions for trial (1 of 2)
- the act or an instance of trying or proving; test or experiment
- (as modifier)a trial run
- the judicial examination of the issues in a civil or criminal cause by a competent tribunal and the determination of these issues in accordance with the law of the land
- the determination of an accused person's guilt or innocence after hearing evidence for the prosecution and for the accused and the judicial examination of the issues involved
- (as modifier)trial proceedings
- undergoing trial, esp before a court of law
- being tested, as before a commitment to purchase
verb trials, trialling or trialled
Derived forms of trialtrialling, noun
Word Origin for trial
British Dictionary definitions for trial (2 of 2)
Word Origin for trial
Idioms and Phrases with trial
In addition to the idioms beginning with trial
- trial and error
- trial balloon
- trial by fire
- trials and tribulations
- on trial