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jury1

[joo r-ee]
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noun, plural ju·ries.
  1. a group of persons sworn to render a verdict or true answer on a question or questions officially submitted to them.
  2. such a group selected according to law and sworn to inquire into or determine the facts concerning a cause or an accusation submitted to them and to render a verdict to a court.Compare grand jury, petty jury.
  3. a group of persons chosen to adjudge prizes, awards, etc., as in a competition.
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verb (used with object), ju·ried, ju·ry·ing.
  1. to judge or evaluate by means of a jury: All entries will be juried by a panel of professionals.
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Idioms
  1. the jury is (still) out, a decision, determination, or opinion has yet to be rendered: The jury is still out on the president's performance.
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Origin of jury1

1250–1300; Middle English jurie, juree, < Old French juree oath, juridical inquiry, noun use of juree, feminine past participle of jurer to swear; cf. jurat
Related formsju·ry·less, adjective

Usage note

jury2

[joo r-ee]
adjective Nautical.
  1. makeshift or temporary, as for an emergency: a jury mast.
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Origin of jury2

1610–20; compare jury mast (early 17th century), of obscure origin; perhaps to be identified with late Middle English i(u)were help, aid, aphetic form of Old French ajurie, derivative of aidier to aid, with -rie -ry
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for jury

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • On that foul throng that wrought them wrong—on Jury and on Judge!

  • "They didn't ring very true to the jury, it would seem," he retorted.

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • "That's as may turn out before a jury," said one of the assistants gravely.

  • The jury looked at each other with amazement; such scenes were rare in their experience.

    The Underdog

    F. Hopkinson Smith

  • The jury was all attention now; the several exhibits were coming into view.

    The Underdog

    F. Hopkinson Smith


British Dictionary definitions for jury

jury1

noun plural -ries
  1. a group of, usually twelve, people sworn to deliver a true verdict according to the evidence upon a case presented in a court of lawSee also grand jury, petit jury
  2. a body of persons appointed to judge a competition and award prizes
  3. the jury is still out informal it has not yet been decided or agreed on
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Word Origin

C14: from Old French juree, from jurer to swear; see juror

jury2

adjective
  1. mainly nautical (in combination) makeshiftjury-rigged
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Word Origin

C17: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for jury

n.

early 14c. (attested from late 12c. in Anglo-Latin), from Anglo-French juree (late 13c.), from Medieval Latin iurata "an oath, an inquest," fem. past participle of Latin iurare "to swear," from ius (genitive iuris) "law" (see jurist). Meaning "body of persons chosen to award prizes at an exhibition" is from 1851. Grand jury attested from early 15c. in Anglo-French (le graund Jurre).

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adj.

"temporary," 1610s, in jury-mast, a nautical term for a temporary mast put in place of one broken or blown away, of uncertain origin. The word perhaps is ultimately from Old French ajurie "help, relief," from Latin adjutare (see aid (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper