exarch

1
[ ek-sahrk ]
/ ˈɛk sɑrk /
|

noun

Eastern Church.
  1. a patriarch's deputy.
  2. a title originally applied to a patriarch but later applied only to a bishop ranking below a patriarch and above a metropolitan.
the ruler of a province in the Byzantine Empire.

Origin of exarch

1
1580–90; < Late Latin exarchus superintendent < Greek éxarchos overseer, leader, equivalent to ex- ex-3 + -archos -arch

Related forms

ex·arch·al, adjective

Definition for exarch (2 of 2)

exarch

2
[ ek-sahrk ]
/ ˈɛk sɑrk /

adjective Botany.

(of a primary xylem or root) developing from the center; having the youngest cells closest to the core.

Origin of exarch

2
1890–95; ex-2 + Greek archḗ beginning
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for exarch

British Dictionary definitions for exarch (1 of 2)

exarch

1
/ (ˈɛksɑːk) /

noun

the head of certain autonomous Orthodox Christian Churches, such as that of Bulgaria and Cyprus
any of certain Eastern Orthodox bishops, lower in rank than a patriarch but higher than a metropolitan
the governor of a province in the Byzantine Empire

Derived Forms

exarchal, adjective

Word Origin for exarch

C16: from Late Latin exarchus overseer, from Greek exarkhos, from exarkhein to take the lead, from arkhein to rule

British Dictionary definitions for exarch (2 of 2)

exarch

2
/ (ˈɛksɑːk) /

adjective

botany (of a xylem strand) having the first-formed xylem external to that formed laterCompare endarch, mesarch

Word Origin for exarch

C19: from ex- 1 (outside) + Greek arkhē beginning, origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012