exarch

1
[ek-sahrk]
|

noun

Eastern Church.
  1. a patriarch's deputy.
  2. a title originally applied to a patriarch but later applied only to a bishop ranking below a patriarch and above a metropolitan.
the ruler of a province in the Byzantine Empire.

Nearby words

  1. exanthema,
  2. exanthema subitum,
  3. exaptation,
  4. exaptive,
  5. exarate,
  6. exarchate,
  7. exarchy,
  8. exarticulation,
  9. exasperate,
  10. exasperated

Origin of exarch

1
1580–90; < Late Latin exarchus superintendent < Greek éxarchos overseer, leader, equivalent to ex- ex-3 + -archos -arch

Related formsex·arch·al, adjective

exarch

2
[ek-sahrk]

adjective Botany.

(of a primary xylem or root) developing from the center; having the youngest cells closest to the core.

Origin of exarch

2
1890–95; ex-2 + Greek archḗ beginning

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for exarch


British Dictionary definitions for exarch

exarch

1

noun

the head of certain autonomous Orthodox Christian Churches, such as that of Bulgaria and Cyprus
any of certain Eastern Orthodox bishops, lower in rank than a patriarch but higher than a metropolitan
the governor of a province in the Byzantine Empire
Derived Formsexarchal, adjective

Word Origin for exarch

C16: from Late Latin exarchus overseer, from Greek exarkhos, from exarkhein to take the lead, from arkhein to rule

adjective

botany (of a xylem strand) having the first-formed xylem external to that formed laterCompare endarch, mesarch

Word Origin for exarch

C19: from ex- 1 (outside) + Greek arkhē beginning, origin

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for exarch

exarch

n.

from Late Latin exarchus, from Greek exarkhos, from ex (see ex- (2)) + arkhos "leader, chief, ruler" (see archon).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper