[verb eks-pey-tree-eyt or, esp. British, -pa-tree-; adjective, noun eks-pey-tree-it, -eyt or, esp. British, -pa-tree-]
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verb (used with object), ex·pa·tri·at·ed, ex·pa·tri·at·ing.
  1. to banish (a person) from his or her native country.
  2. to withdraw (oneself) from residence in one's native country.
  3. to withdraw (oneself) from allegiance to one's country.
verb (used without object), ex·pa·tri·at·ed, ex·pa·tri·at·ing.
  1. to become an expatriate: He expatriated from his homeland.
  1. expatriated; exiled.
  1. an expatriated person: Many American writers were living as expatriates in Paris.

Origin of expatriate

1760–70; < Medieval Latin expatriātus (past participle of expatriāre to banish), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + patri(a) native land + -ātus -ate1
Related formsex·pa·tri·a·tion, nounself-ex·pa·tri·a·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for expatriate


adjective (ɛksˈpætrɪɪt, -ˌeɪt)
  1. resident in a foreign country
  2. exiled or banished from one's native countryan expatriate American
noun (ɛksˈpætrɪɪt, -ˌeɪt)
  1. a person who lives in a foreign country
  2. an exile; expatriate person
verb (ɛksˈpætrɪˌeɪt) (tr)
  1. to exile (oneself) from one's native country or cause (another) to go into exile
  2. to deprive (oneself or another) of citizenship
Derived Formsexpatriation, noun

Word Origin for expatriate

C18: from Medieval Latin expatriāre, from Latin ex- 1 + patria native land
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for expatriate

1768, from French expatrier "banish" (14c.), from ex- "out of" (see ex-) + patrie "native land," from Latin patria "one's native country," from pater (genitive patris) "father" (cf. patriot). Related: Expatriated; expatriating. The noun is from 1818, "one who has been banished;" main modern sense of "one who chooses to live abroad" is 1902.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper