verb (used with object)

to use up: She expended energy, time, and care on her work.
to pay out; disburse; spend.

Origin of expend

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin expendere to weigh out, lay out, pay
Related formsex·pend·er, nouno·ver·ex·pend, verbpre·ex·pend, verb (used with object)un·ex·pend·ed, adjectivewell-ex·pend·ed, adjective
Can be confusedexpand expend (see synonym study at expand)

Synonyms for expend

1. consume, empty. See spend.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for expend

Contemporary Examples of expend

Historical Examples of expend

  • So old a man had no energy to expend in the indirections of haste.

    The Forest

    Stewart Edward White

  • Reserve it for those who are your friends, and do not expend it on me.

    Barnaby Rudge

    Charles Dickens

  • You forget that he has twenty-five thousand dollars to expend.

    The Night Riders

    Ridgwell Cullum

  • Where had you learned its want, or acquired the taste to expend it?

    Confessions Of Con Cregan

    Charles James Lever

  • How much ingenuity did he expend to detect what had no existence!

    The Fortunes Of Glencore

    Charles James Lever

British Dictionary definitions for expend


verb (tr)

to spend; disburse
to consume or use up
Derived Formsexpender, noun

Word Origin for expend

C15: from Latin expendere, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for expend

early 15c., from Latin expendere "pay out, weigh out money," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + pendere "to pay, weigh" (see pendant). Related: Expended; expending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper