[ eks-sang-gwuh-neyt ]
/ ɛksˈsæŋ gwəˌneɪt /

verb (used with object), ex·san·gui·nat·ed, ex·san·gui·nat·ing.

to drain of blood; make bloodless.

verb (used without object), ex·san·gui·nat·ed, ex·san·gui·nat·ing.

to bleed to death.

Nearby words

  1. expurgatory,
  2. expwy,
  3. exquisite,
  4. exr,
  5. exr.,
  6. exsanguine,
  7. exscind,
  8. exsect,
  9. exsection,
  10. exsert

Origin of exsanguinate

1790–1800; < Late Latin exsanguinātus bloodless, deprived of blood (past participle of exsanguināre), equivalent to Latin ex- ex-1 + sanguin- (stem of sanguis blood; see sanguine) + -ātus -ate1

Related formsex·san·gui·na·tion, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for exsanguinate


/ (ɪkˈsæŋɡwɪneɪt) /


(tr) rare to drain the blood from
Derived Formsexsanguination, noun

Word Origin for exsanguinate

C19: from Latin exsanguināre

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for exsanguinate



1849, from Latin exsanguinatus "bloodless," past participle of exsanguinare, from ex- "out" (see ex-) + sanguinem (nominative sanguis) "blood" (see sanguinary). Related: Exsanguinated; exsanguinating; exsanguination. As an adjective, exsanguine "bloodless" is attested from mid-17c. in literal and figurative use.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for exsanguinate


[ ĕks-sănggwə-nāt′ ]


To deprive of or drain of blood.
Related formsex•san′gui•nation n.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.