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extirpate

[ ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt ]
/ ˈɛk stərˌpeɪt, ɪkˈstɜr peɪt /
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See synonyms for: extirpate / extirpation / extirpative on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object), ex·tir·pat·ed, ex·tir·pat·ing.

to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up: to extirpate an unwanted hair.

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Origin of extirpate

1530–40; <Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex-ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus-ate1
ex·tir·pa·tion, nounex·tir·pa·tive, adjectiveex·tir·pa·tor, nounun·ex·tir·pat·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for extirpate

extirpate
/ (ˈɛkstəˌpeɪt) /

verb (tr)

to remove or destroy completely
to pull up or out; uproot
to remove (an organ or part) surgically
extirpation, nounextirpative, adjectiveextirpator, noun
C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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