• synonyms


[ik-strak-shuh n]
  1. an act or instance of extracting: the extraction of a molar.
  2. the state or fact of being extracted.
  3. descent or lineage: to be of foreign extraction.
  4. something extracted; extract.
Show More

Origin of extraction

1375–1425; late Middle English extraccioun < Late Latin extractiōn- (stem of extractiō). See extract, -ion
Related formsnon·ex·trac·tion, nouno·ver·ex·trac·tion, nounpre·ex·trac·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for extractions

eradication, descent, abstraction, derivation, evocation, separation, withdrawal, extirpation, expression, drawing, elicitation, extrication, lineage, parentage, family, race, blood, birth, stock, pedigree

Examples from the Web for extractions

Historical Examples of extractions

  • The juice resulting from the second and third extractions may be combined.

    A Little Preserving Book for a Little Girl

    Amy Waterman

  • You may say, "Why bother with extractions—why not squeeze the juice and be done with it?"

    Every Step in Canning

    Grace Viall Gray

  • More juice can be obtained and more jelly made from the same amount of fruit if three extractions instead of one are made.

    Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 5

    Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences

  • It became necessary to free it from black by successive individual out-crossings to wild flies and extractions.

  • You that are genuine Athenians, devour with a golden Epicurism the arts and sciences, the spirits and extractions of authors.

British Dictionary definitions for extractions


pl n
  1. the residue remaining after an oilseed has had the oil extracted by a solvent. Used as a feed for animalsgroundnut extractions Compare expellers
Show More


  1. the act of extracting or the condition of being extracted
  2. something extracted; an extract
    1. the act or an instance of extracting a tooth or teeth
    2. a tooth or teeth extracted
  3. origin, descent, lineage, or ancestryof German extraction
Show More
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extractions



early 15c., from Old French estraction (12c.) or directly from Medieval Latin extractionem (nominative extractio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin extrahere (see extract (v.)).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extractions in Medicine


  1. The act of extracting or the condition of being extracted.
  2. Something obtained by extracting; an extract.
  3. The removal by withdrawing or pulling out of a tooth from its socket.
  4. Removal of a baby from the genital canal in assisted delivery.
  5. The active portion of a drug.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.