file 1 [ fahyl ] SHOW IPA / faɪl / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun a folder, cabinet, or other container in which papers, letters, etc., are arranged in convenient order for storage or reference. a collection of papers, records, etc., arranged in convenient order: to make a file for a new account. Computers. a collection of related data or program records stored on some input/output or auxiliary storage medium: This program's main purpose is to update the customer master file. a line of persons or things arranged one behind another (distinguished from rank). 1 def. 10 Military. a person in front of or behind another in a military formation. one step on a promotion list. one of the vertical lines of squares on a chessboard. a list or roll. a string or wire on which papers are strung for preservation and reference. SEE MORE SEE LESS verb (used with object), filed, fil·ing. to place in a file. to arrange (papers, records, etc.) in convenient order for storage or reference. Journalism. to arrange (copy) in the proper order for transmittal by wire. to transmit (copy), as by wire or telephone: He filed copy from Madrid all through the war. SEE MORE SEE LESS verb (used without object), filed, fil·ing. to march in a file or line, one after another, as soldiers: The parade filed past endlessly. to make application: to file for a civil-service job. QUIZZES QUIZ YOURSELF ON “ITS” VS. “IT’S”!
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Idioms for file on file, arranged in order for convenient reference; in a file: The names are on file in the office. Origin of file 1
First recorded in 1425–75; late Middle English verb
filen, from Middle French filer “to string documents on a thread or wire,” Old French: “to wind or spin thread,” from Vulgar Latin fīlāre “to wind or spin thread,” from the Latin noun fīlum “a string, thread”; the English noun is derived from the verb OTHER WORDS FROM file file·a·ble, adjective filer, noun non·fil·er, noun WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH file file , phial file 2 [ fahyl ] SHOW IPA / faɪl / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun a long, narrow tool of steel or other metal having a series of ridges or points on its surfaces for reducing or smoothing surfaces of metal, wood, etc. a small, similar tool for trimming and cleaning fingernails; nail file. British Slang. a cunning, shrewd, or artful person. verb (used with object), filed, fil·ing. to reduce, smooth, or remove with or as if with a file. Origin of file 2
First recorded before 900; Middle English; Old English
fīl, fēol; cognate with German Feile; akin to Slavic (Polish) piła “saw” OTHER WORDS FROM file file·a·ble, adjective filer, noun file 3 [ fahyl ] SHOW IPA / faɪl / PHONETIC RESPELLING verb (used with object), filed, fil·ing. Archaic. Origin of file 3
First recorded before 1000; Middle English, Old English
“to befoul, defile,” derivative of
fūl foul filé [ fi- ley, fee-ley ] SHOW IPA / fɪˈleɪ, ˈfi leɪ / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun New Orleans Cooking. a powder made from the ground leaves of the sassafras tree, used as a thickener and to impart a pungent taste to soups, gumbos, and other dishes.
filé powder . Origin of filé
;<Louisiana French; literally, twisted, ropy, stringy (perhaps originally applied to dishes thickened with the powder), past participle of French
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for file
Home-rental giant Airbnb, food delivery company DoorDash, online loan provider Affirm and video-game platform Roblox have all
filed this month to go public.
Another of a16z’s portfolio companies, the pay-as-you-go lending company Affirm, has also
filed to go public.
This week was an exception though, as it was exitpalooza as Affirm, Roblox, Airbnb, and Wish all
filed to go public.
This morning Wish, a well-known mobile e-commerce startup,
filed to go public.
On Wednesday, Pfizer announced its 44,000-person vaccine trial had hit the necessary endpoints for safety and efficacy and that it could
file for emergency authorization within days.
Many of them instead become the kind of nuisance-lawsuit
filer that makes the tort system a costly nightmare.
He who had Toby's meat upon the fork called to the first one by the name of
Filer, and they both drew near together.
The filing of a flat surface perfectly true is the test of a good
filer; and this is no easy matter to the beginner.
They turned through a small side room, strangely silent by contrast to the rest, where the
filer did his minute work.
He had learnt enough French slang from Morgan to know that to
filer meant to cut sticks.
He would say, 'Il faut
filer les sons: c'est l'art des maîtres. noun a folder, box, etc, used to keep documents or other items in order the documents, etc, kept in this way documents or information about a specific subject, person, etc we have a file on every known thief an orderly line or row a line of people in marching formation, one behind another Compare rank 1 (def. 6) any of the eight vertical rows of squares on a chessboard computing a named collection of information, in the form of text, programs, graphics, etc, held on a permanent storage device such as a magnetic disk obsolete a list or catalogue Canadian a group of problems or responsibilities, esp in government, associated with a particular topic the environment file on file recorded or catalogued for reference, as in a file SEE MORE SEE LESS verb to place (a document, letter, etc) in a file (tr) to put on record, esp to place (a legal document) on public or official record; register (tr) to bring (a suit, esp a divorce suit) in a court of law (tr) to submit (copy) to a newspaper or news agency (intr) to march or walk in a file or files the ants filed down the hill SEE MORE SEE LESS Derived forms of file filer, noun Word Origin for file
C16 (in the sense: string on which documents are hung): from Old French
filer, from Medieval Latin fīlāre; see filament noun a hand tool consisting essentially of a steel blade with small cutting teeth on some or all of its faces. It is used for shaping or smoothing metal, wood, etc rare, British slang a cunning or deceitful person verb (tr) to shape or smooth (a surface) with a file Derived forms of file filer, noun Word Origin for file
fīl; related to Old Saxon fīla, Old High German fīhala file, Greek pikros bitter, sharp verb (tr) obsolete to pollute or defile Word Origin for file
fӯlan; related to Middle Low German vülen; see defile 1, filth, foul
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
A collection of related data or program records stored as a unit with a single name. Files are the basic units that a computer works with in storing and retrieving data.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
see in single file; on file; rank and file.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.