Origin of freeze

before 1000; (v.) Middle English fresen, Old English frēosan; cognate with Middle Low German vrēsen, Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan (German frieren); (noun) late Middle English frese, derivative of the v.
Related formsfreez·a·ble, adjectivefreez·a·bil·i·ty, nounde·freeze, verb (used with object), de·froze, de·fro·zen, de·freez·ing.non·freez·a·ble, adjectivepost·freeze, adjectivepre·freeze, verb (used with object), pre·froze, pre·fro·zen, pre·freez·ing.re·freez·a·ble, adjectivere·freeze, verb, re·froze, re·fro·zen, re·freez·ing.un·freez·a·ble, adjective
Can be confusedfreeze frieze
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for freeze

Contemporary Examples of freeze

Historical Examples of freeze

  • Wagon-tracks along the road were filled with water and had begun to freeze.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • Content to starve, content to freeze, if only he need not be carried into captivity.

    The Village Watch-Tower

    (AKA Kate Douglas Riggs) Kate Douglas Wiggin

  • Put him in a car of dressed beef and he'd freeze it between here and Spokane.

    Ruggles of Red Gap

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • "But it never has been cold enough to freeze your tail off," said the Prince, consolingly.

    Prince Vance

    Eleanor Putnam

  • He laughed—a low laugh that seemed to freeze the air around him.


British Dictionary definitions for freeze

freeze

verb freezes, freezing, froze (frəʊz) or frozen (ˈfrəʊzən)

to change (a liquid) into a solid as a result of a reduction in temperature, or (of a liquid) to solidify in this way, esp to convert or be converted into ice
(when intr, sometimes foll by over or up) to cover, clog, or harden with ice, or become so covered, clogged, or hardenedthe lake froze over last week
to fix fast or become fixed (to something) because of the action of frost
(tr) to preserve (food) by subjection to extreme cold, as in a freezer
to feel or cause to feel the sensation or effects of extreme cold
to die or cause to die of frost or extreme cold
to become or cause to become paralysed, fixed, or motionless, esp through fear, shock, etche froze in his tracks
(tr) to cause (moving film) to stop at a particular frame
to decrease or cause to decrease in animation or vigour
to make or become formal, haughty, etc, in manner
(tr) to fix (prices, incomes, etc) at a particular level, usually by government direction
(tr) to forbid by law the exchange, liquidation, or collection of (loans, assets, etc)
(tr) to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or use of (something specified)
(tr) to stop (a process) at a particular stage of development
(tr) informal to render (tissue or a part of the body) insensitive, as by the application or injection of a local anaesthetic
(intr foll by onto) informal, mainly US to cling

noun

the act of freezing or state of being frozen
meteorol a spell of temperatures below freezing point, usually over a wide area
the fixing of incomes, prices, etc, by legislation
another word for frost

sentence substitute

mainly US a command to stop still instantly or risk being shot
Derived Formsfreezable, adjective

Word Origin for freeze

Old English frēosan; related to Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan, Latin prūrīre to itch; see frost
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for freeze
v.

Old English freosan "turn to ice" (class II strong verb; past tense freas, past participle froren), from Proto-Germanic *freusanan (cf. Old Norse frjosa, Old High German friosan, German frieren "to freeze," Gothic frius "frost"), from Proto-Germanic *freus-, equivalent to PIE root *preus- "to freeze," also "to burn" (cf. Sanskrit prusva, Latin pruina "hoarfrost," Welsh rhew "frost," Sanskrit prustah "burnt," Albanian prus "burning coals," Latin pruna "a live coal").

Transitive sense first recorded 14c., figurative sense c.1400. Meaning "become rigid or motionless" attested by 1720. Sense of "fix at a certain level, make non-transactable" is 1922. Freeze frame is from 1960, originally "a briefly Frozen Shot after the Jingle to allow ample time for Change over at the end of a T.V. 'Commercial.' " ["ABC of Film & TV," 1960].

n.

c.1400, from freeze (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

freeze in Medicine

freeze

[frēz]

v.

To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
To make or become congealed, stiffened, or hardened by exposure to cold.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

freeze in Science

freeze

[frēz]

To change from a liquid to a solid state by cooling or being cooled to the freezing point.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.