frequentative

[ fri-kwen-tuh-tiv ]
/ frɪˈkwɛn tə tɪv /
Grammar

adjective

noting or pertaining to a verb aspect expressing repetition of an action.

noun

the frequentative aspect.
a verb in the frequentative aspect, as wrestle from wrest.

QUIZZES

QUIZ YOURSELF ON THESE WORDS FROM BROWN GIRL DREAMING!

Visualize yourself passing this quiz on words from Jacqueline Woodson’s exquisite verse novel “Brown Girl Dreaming,” and then take the quiz to prove you can do it! (Because you can.)
Question 1 of 10
What does “barren” mean?

Origin of frequentative

First recorded in 1520–30, frequentative is from the Latin word frequentātīvus denoting repetition of an act. See frequent, -ate1, -ive

grammar notes for frequentative

Frequentative in linguistics and grammar refers to a verb expressing repeated, frequent action. Frequentative verbs in English end in -er and -le (as bobble from bob, curdle from curd, dazzle from daze, slither from slide, sparkle from spark, and trample from tramp ). English frequentative verbs are a closed set, and English no longer produces frequentative verbs with these suffixes. Instead, in contemporary English the frequentative aspect is usually expressed by the plain present tense of the verb, e.g., “I walk to work (usually),” which describes a habitual action, as opposed the present progressive “I am walking to work (right now).”
In Latin, however, frequentative verbs are common in all periods because they make the language livelier, more intimate and colloquial. Frequentatives occur very frequently in the comedies of Plautus and Terence, in Cicero’s letters, and in the Satyricon of Petronius. Latin frequentative verbs often do not differ in meaning from simple verbs, and they often replace the original simple verbs in Romance (languages descended from Latin) because the frequentatives are perfectly regular whereas the simple verbs may be somewhat or very irregular.
In Latin, frequentatives are formed from the suffixes -tāre, -itāre, -sāre added to the past participle of the simple verb. For instance, the simple verb canō, canere, cecinī, cantus “I sing, to sing, I have sung, sung” would be a regular verb of the third conjugation (whose present infinitive is marked by -ere ) except for the third principal part, cecinī (from an unattested kekanai, a reduplicated perfect inherited from Proto-Indo-European). To the inflectional stem cant- of the past participle cantus, Latin adds the suffix -tāre (reduced to -āre after the preceding t ) resulting in the absolutely regular first conjugation verb canto, cantāre, cantāvī, cantātus (compare Italian canto, cantare, cantai, cantato ). Cantāre becomes cantare in Italian, cantar in Spanish and Portuguese, and chanter in French.

OTHER WORDS FROM frequentative

un·fre·quen·ta·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for frequentative

British Dictionary definitions for frequentative

frequentative
/ (frɪˈkwɛntətɪv) grammar /

adjective

denoting an aspect of verbs in some languages used to express repeated or habitual action
(in English) denoting a verb or an affix having meaning that involves repeated or habitual action, such as the verb wrestle, from wrest

noun

  1. a frequentative verb or affix
  2. the frequentative aspect of verbs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012