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Origin of frequentative
grammar notes for frequentative
In Latin, however, frequentative verbs are common in all periods because they make the language livelier, more intimate and colloquial. Frequentatives occur very frequently in the comedies of Plautus and Terence, in Cicero’s letters, and in the Satyricon of Petronius. Latin frequentative verbs often do not differ in meaning from simple verbs, and they often replace the original simple verbs in Romance (languages descended from Latin) because the frequentatives are perfectly regular whereas the simple verbs may be somewhat or very irregular.
In Latin, frequentatives are formed from the suffixes -tāre, -itāre, -sāre added to the past participle of the simple verb. For instance, the simple verb canō, canere, cecinī, cantus “I sing, to sing, I have sung, sung” would be a regular verb of the third conjugation (whose present infinitive is marked by -ere ) except for the third principal part, cecinī (from an unattested kekanai, a reduplicated perfect inherited from Proto-Indo-European). To the inflectional stem cant- of the past participle cantus, Latin adds the suffix -tāre (reduced to -āre after the preceding t ) resulting in the absolutely regular first conjugation verb canto, cantāre, cantāvī, cantātus (compare Italian canto, cantare, cantai, cantato ). Cantāre becomes cantare in Italian, cantar in Spanish and Portuguese, and chanter in French.
OTHER WORDS FROM frequentativeun·fre·quen·ta·tive, adjective
Words nearby frequentative
Example sentences from the Web for frequentative
Startling, moving suddenly; the frequentative form of starting, which Chaucer preferred when repeating this same line in his Kn.Chaucer's Works, Volume 3 (of 7)|Geoffrey Chaucer
Some roots are reduplicated wholly or in part with a frequentative meaning, and there are traces of gemination of radicals.
The Russian verb has commonly a simple and a frequentative future.Russia|Donald Mackenzie Wallace
British Dictionary definitions for frequentative
- a frequentative verb or affix
- the frequentative aspect of verbs