fumaric acid


noun

a colorless, odorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C4H4O4, isomeric with maleic acid, essential to cellular respiration in most eukaryotic organisms: used in the making of synthetic resins and as a replacement for tartaric acid in beverages and baking powders.

Nearby words

  1. fumage,
  2. fumarase,
  3. fumarate,
  4. fumariaceous,
  5. fumaric,
  6. fumarole,
  7. fumatorium,
  8. fumatory,
  9. fumble,
  10. fume

Origin of fumaric acid

First recorded in 1875–80


Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid

noun

a colourless crystalline acid with a fruity taste, found in some plants and manufactured from benzene; trans -butenedioic acid: used esp in synthetic resins. Formula: HCOOCH:CHCOOH

Word Origin for fumaric acid

C19: from New Latin Fumāria name of genus, from Late Latin: fumitory, from Latin fūmus smoke

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid

[fyōō-mărĭk]

n.

An organic acid that is formed from succinic acid and is an intermediate in the Krebs cycle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid

[fyōō-mărĭk]

A colorless crystalline compound found in various plants and produced synthetically. It is used mainly in resins, paints, varnishes, and inks. Fumaric acid is a geometric isomer of maleic acid, having two carboxyl (COOH) groups attached on opposite sides of an ethylene chain. Chemical formula: C4H4O2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.