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fumaric acid

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noun
a colorless, odorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C4H4O4, isomeric with maleic acid, essential to cellular respiration in most eukaryotic organisms: used in the making of synthetic resins and as a replacement for tartaric acid in beverages and baking powders.
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Origin of fumaric acid

First recorded in 1875–80
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

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British Dictionary definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid
/ (fjuːˈmærɪk) /

noun
a colourless crystalline acid with a fruity taste, found in some plants and manufactured from benzene; trans -butenedioic acid: used esp in synthetic resins. Formula: HCOOCH:CHCOOH

Word Origin for fumaric acid

C19: from New Latin Fumāria name of genus, from Late Latin: fumitory, from Latin fūmus smoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid
[ fyōō-mărĭk ]

A colorless crystalline compound found in various plants and produced synthetically. It is used mainly in resins, paints, varnishes, and inks. Fumaric acid is a geometric isomer of maleic acid, having two carboxyl (COOH) groups attached on opposite sides of an ethylene chain. Chemical formula: C4H4O2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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