darkened or colored by exposure to ammonia fumes, as oak and other wood.

Origin of fumed

First recorded in 1605–15; fume + -ed2




Often fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature: tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
an irritable or angry mood: He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.

verb (used with object), fumed, fum·ing.

to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor: giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
to treat with or expose to fumes.
to show fretful irritation or anger: She always fumes when the mail is late.

verb (used without object), fumed, fum·ing.

to rise, or pass off, as fumes: smoke fuming from an ashtray.
to emit fumes: The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.

Origin of fume

1350–1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related formsfume·less, adjectivefume·like, adjectivefum·er, nounfum·ing·ly, adverbun·fum·ing, adjective

Synonyms for fume

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for fumed

rave, chafe, seethe, bristle, smoke, rage, burn, rant, storm, anger, boil

Examples from the Web for fumed

Contemporary Examples of fumed

Historical Examples of fumed

  • Dick paddled and fumed and splashed water and got more excited.

    The Forest

    Stewart Edward White

  • If any one (except my father) had called me a fool for my pains, how I should have fired and fumed!

    Barnaby Rudge

    Charles Dickens

  • Mr. Bartlett, the passenger, had been on time and had fumed and fretted at the delay.

    The Depot Master

    Joseph C. Lincoln

  • I thrashed him while he fumed and foamed, and cursed and swore.

  • There was no excuse for their heartless conduct, he fumed indignantly.

British Dictionary definitions for fumed



(of wood, esp oak) having a dark colour and distinctive grain from exposure to ammonia fumes



(intr) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
(tr) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate


(often plural) a pungent or toxic vapour
a sharp or pungent odour
a condition of anger
Derived Formsfumeless, adjectivefumelike, adjectivefumer, nounfumingly, adverbfumy, adjective

Word Origin for fume

C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for fumed



late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").



c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

fumed in Science



Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.