the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a component of velocity perpendicular to the field and equal to one centimeter per second, is acted on by a force of one dyne; 1 maxwell per square centimeter or 10−4 weber per square meter. Symbol: G

the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10 –8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10 –4 tesla

Word Origin for gauss

after Karl Gauss

Gauss

noun

Karl Friedrich (karl ˈfriːdrɪç). 1777–1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy

The unit of magnetic flux density in the centimeter-gram-second system, equal to one maxwell per square centimeter, or 10-4 tesla.

Gauss

Carl Friedrich1777-1855

German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who introduced significant and rapid advances to mathematics with his contributions to algebra, geometry, statistics and theoretical mathematics. He also correctly calculated the orbit of the asteroid Ceres in 1801 and studied electricity and magnetism, developing the magnetometer in 1832. The gauss unit of magnetic flux density is named for him.