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WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH GDPGDP , GNP
What is GDP?
Where does GDP come from?
One prominent way to assess a country’s economy—and compare it to others—is by calculating its gross domestic product, or GDP, a term that describes the overall value of all the goods and services made within a single country. That includes those produced by foreign-owned companies. In the U.S., the Bureau of Economic Analysis provides an estimate of GDP and its growth rate each quarter, called a nominal GDP. Real GDP, usually calculated on yearly terms, accounts for inflation and deflation.
What separates the concept of GDP from GNI, or gross national income (previously GNP, or gross national product), is that the former measures products made within a country, whereas the latter measures products made specifically by the citizens of that country. The GDP growth rate of an individual country is the calculation of how much the country’s GDP is growing from quarter to quarter.
Ecuador’s gdp annual growth rate to stand at 1.30 in 12 months time & it is projected to trend around 1.30 percent in 2020 (Trading Economics 2018). #economics #growthmanagement pic.twitter.com/3zMbNbF9XM
— Melanie James (@MelaniekJames) November 13, 2018
In 1944, the Bretton Woods Conference established international standards and cooperation among 44 countries, and GDP was established as the standard measurement of economic growth within a country. The phrase gross domestic product was in use by the 1950s, its common abbreviation, GDP, by the 1960s. The word gross as used here means “entire” or “total,” e.g., the gross amount.
How is GDP used in real life?
GDP began in response to the economic devastation of the Great Depression. In 1937, economist Simon Kuznets charted all economic production within the United States from 1929 to 1935, both positive and negative, and presented his “national income” results to Congress. As the United States considered entering World War II amid widespread fear of another economic catastrophe, Kuznets’s GDP statistics were used to demonstrate that entering the war would not prevent the country’s economic recovery.
I got lots of questions on my earlier post about output gap estimates that are suspect. So here's a bit more detail. Chart shows real GDP levels for the US, the Euro zone, and key Euro periphery countries. Real GDP levels have diverged massively since 2008. pic.twitter.com/hbydJ4eLuZ
— Robin Brooks (@RobinBrooksIIF) November 12, 2018
Economists stress that GDP is not an evaluation of economic or social well-being, since a high GDP could still exist despite economic turmoil or income inequality. This distinction continues to be misunderstood to this day—though some understand it quite well, such as Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who became the king of Bhutan in 1972 and stated that his purpose was to, rather than increase the GDP, increase its GNH, or gross national happiness.
— World Economic Forum (@wef) November 12, 2018
Economic measurements closely related to GDP include GNP (gross national product), now often called GNI, or gross national income, which adds a country’s GDP to all the income made by its citizens living abroad.
— Educated chokoraa, spricht deutsch (@DavidNdii) November 12, 2018
— Reuters (@Reuters) November 11, 2018
More examples of GDP:
“The ratio of debt to GDP, now 77 percent (twice the average of the past half-century) would approach 100 percent in a decade and top 120 percent in two decades.”
—Howard Gleckman, Christian Science Monitor, February 2017
“It only grew at an annual pace of 0.7% in the first three months of the year, according to the Commerce Department’s report on gross domestic product, the broadest measure of economic activity.”
—Patrick Gillespie, CNN, April 2017
This content is not meant to be a formal definition of this term. Rather, it is an informal summary that seeks to provide supplemental information and context important to know or keep in mind about the term’s history, meaning, and usage.
Example sentences from the Web for GDP
For less educated consumers, they lower the prices by 0.3 percent of GDP.
According to Cortes, immigrants lower the prices of products consumed by highly educated consumers by 0.4 percent of GDP.
The deficit is down to 2.8 percent of GDP, from a high of 10.1 percent in the wake of the meltdown.
Your Congress is selling itself for $4 billion this year, which is roughly equivalent to the GDP of Barbados.Time is Money: How to Fix Outrageous Political Spending|Jim Arkedis|November 3, 2014|DAILY BEAST
In the first quarter of 2014, GDP shrunk 2.9 percent and most of the reason is because health-care spending declined.
Some of them cost the country more than 10% of its GDP each (for example, the crisis of the bank shares in 1983).
Allocating three percent or less of GDP for defense could easily prove to be a ceiling and not a floor.Shock and Awe|Harlan K. Ullman
But this is one of the lowest rates in the world (c. 40% of GDP).
Up to 15% of their GDP is in the form of handouts, soft loans and technical assistance.
Germany's economy collapsed following a reparations agreement, which sapped and consumed less than 10% of its GDP.