the development and application of scientific methods, procedures, and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.
a technique that produces unlimited amounts of otherwise unavailable or scarce biological product by introducing DNA isolated from animals or plants into bacteria and then harvesting the product from a bacterial colony, as human insulin produced in bacteria by the human insulin gene.
- Also called biogenetics.
- ge·net·ic en·gi·neer, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use genetic engineering in a sentence
A person formerly close to Genomatica described Ginkgo as acting as “an arm of Viking” whose true business could be described as financial engineering, not genetic engineering.Is Ginkgo’s synthetic-biology story worth $15 billion? | Antonio Regalado | August 24, 2021 | MIT Technology Review
Take the common yeast, a scientist’s favorite medium for genetic engineering and a brewer’s best friend.Molecular Farming Means the Next Vaccine Could Be Edible and Grown in a Plant | Shelly Fan | August 17, 2021 | Singularity Hub
The reason we can manage to have 7 billion people here on the planet is basically through direct or indirect genetic engineering through gain-of-function research.“We never created a supervirus.” Ralph Baric explains gain-of-function research. | Rowan Jacobsen | July 26, 2021 | MIT Technology Review
In debunking the possibility that the virus was the product of extensive genetic engineering, they’d ruled out other, simpler scenarios.They called it a conspiracy theory. But Alina Chan tweeted life into the idea that the virus came from a lab. | Antonio Regalado | June 25, 2021 | MIT Technology Review
Here, scientists use genetic engineering to put different types of algae proteins into the brains of mice.How Gene Therapy and Algae Proteins Partially Restored a Blind Man’s Sight | Shelly Fan | May 25, 2021 | Singularity Hub
The danger, here, is not a society where people express concerns about genetic engineering.
genetic engineering is the process by which genes from unrelated species are isolated and collected to form new gene constructs.
Not to be confused with genetic modification, selective breeding by humans does not include genetic engineering of specific DNA.
British Dictionary definitions for genetic engineering
alteration of the DNA of a cell for purposes of research, as a means of manufacturing animal proteins, correcting genetic defects, or making improvements to plants and animals bred by man
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for genetic engineering
The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA, which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for genetic engineering
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.