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genitive

[ jen-i-tiv ]
/ ˈdʒɛn ɪ tɪv /
Grammar
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adjective

(in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John's hat, week's vacation, duty's call.
noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
similar to such a case form in function or meaning.

noun

the genitive case.
a word in the genitive case.
a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it.

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“Was” is used for the indicative past tense of “to be,” and “were” is only used for the subjunctive past tense.

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Compare possessive.

Origin of genitive

1350–1400; Middle English <Medieval Latin genitīvus, equivalent to genit(us) (past participle of gignere to beget) + -īvus-ive

OTHER WORDS FROM genitive

gen·i·ti·val [jen-i-tahy-vuhl], /ˌdʒɛn ɪˈtaɪ vəl/, adjectivegen·i·ti·val·ly, adverbun·gen·i·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for genitive

British Dictionary definitions for genitive

genitive
/ (ˈdʒɛnɪtɪv) grammar /

adjective

denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages used to indicate a relation of ownership or association, usually translated by English of

noun

  1. the genitive case
  2. a word or speech element in this case

Derived forms of genitive

genitival (ˌdʒɛnɪˈtaɪvəl), adjectivegenitivally, adverb

Word Origin for genitive

C14: from Latin genetīvus relating to birth, from gignere to produce
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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