- a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism.
Also ge·nom [jee-nom] /ˈdʒi nɒm/.
Origin of genome
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- the full complement of genetic material within an organism
- all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
Word Origin for genome
C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos) ome
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
"sum total of genes in a set," 1930, modeled on German genom, coined 1920 by German botanist Hans Winkler, from gen "gene" + (chromos)om "chromosome."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A complete haploid set of chromosomes with its associated genes.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells. The human genome is made up of about 20,000 to 25,000 genes. Compare proteome.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.