The small bodies in the nucleus of a cell that carry the chemical “instructions” for reproduction of the cell. They consist of strands of DNA wrapped in a double helix around a core of proteins. Each species of plant or animal has a characteristic number of chromosomes. For human beings, for example, it is forty-six.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
How to use chromosomes in a sentence
Name some aspect of the horizontal polka and it has probably been discussed endlessly among human beings with two X chromosomes.C’mon, Ladies, Masturbation Isn’t Just for Bad Girls | Emily Shire | June 19, 2014 | THE DAILY BEAST
Telomeres are the tips at the ends of our chromosomes that protect our DNA.
But the deal brings ABC two vital assets: star-power and X chromosomes.
And androgen insensitivity syndrome, which can cause people born with XY chromosomes (male typical) to appear feminine.
You appear to be a generation with a lot fewer selfish chromosomes and a lot more socially responsible DNA.
When a cell division takes place, the nucleus breaks up into a number of thread-like portions which are known as chromosomes.
This is called maturation, or the maturation division, and the new cells have only half the original number of chromosomes.
Each of these divides again by mitosis (the chromosomes splitting lengthwise), the half or haploid number remaining.
That means that there is a determiner for it which is grouped with other determiners in one of the chromosomes.Physiology | Ernest G. Martin
We now know that these chromosomes are the actual controllers of heredity.Physiology | Ernest G. Martin