chromosphere

[ kroh-muh-sfeer ]
/ ˈkroʊ məˌsfɪər /

noun Astronomy.

a scarlet, gaseous envelope surrounding the sun outside the photosphere, from which enormous quantities of hydrogen and other gases are erupted.
a gaseous envelope surrounding a star.

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Origin of chromosphere

First recorded in 1865–70; chromo- + -sphere

OTHER WORDS FROM chromosphere

chro·mo·spher·ic [kroh-muh-sfer-ik, -sfeer-], /ˌkroʊ məˈsfɛr ɪk, -ˈsfɪər-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for chromosphere

British Dictionary definitions for chromosphere

chromosphere
/ (ˈkrəʊməˌsfɪə) /

noun

a gaseous layer of the sun's atmosphere extending from the photosphere to the corona and visible during a total eclipse of the sun

Derived forms of chromosphere

chromospheric (ˌkrəʊməˈsfɛrɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for chromosphere

chromosphere
[ krōmə-sfîr′ ]

A glowing, transparent layer of gas surrounding the photosphere of a star. The Sun's chromosphere is several thousand kilometers thick, is composed mainly of hydrogen at temperatures of 6,000° to 20,000°K, and gives off reddish light.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.