(in Latin) a verbal adjective similar to the gerund in form and noting the obligation, necessity, or worthiness of the action to be done, as legendus in Liber legendus est, “The book is worth reading.”See also gerund(def 1).


resembling a gerund.See also gerund(def 2).

Origin of gerundive

First recorded in 1375–1425; late Middle English word from Late Latin word gerundīvus. See gerund, -ive
Related formsger·un·di·val [jer-uh n-dahy-vuh l] /ˌdʒɛr ənˈdaɪ vəl/, adjectivege·run·dive·ly, adverbnon·ge·run·dive, adjectivenon·ge·run·dive·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for gerundive

Historical Examples of gerundive

  • This gerundive use of the infinitive is very common in this play.

  • Well, if you have, how are you going to spot the gerund and the gerundive?

    The Varmint

    Owen Johnson

  • Lovely, with a show of insouciance, bagged three gerunds and one gerundive.

    The Varmint

    Owen Johnson

  • In negative sentences the gerundive often conveys this idea of possibility.

    Selections from Viri Romae

    Charles Franois L'Homond

  • For the Gerundive as the equivalent of the Gerund, see 339, 1.

    New Latin Grammar

    Charles E. Bennett

British Dictionary definitions for gerundive



(in Latin grammar) an adjective formed from a verb, expressing the desirability of the activity denoted by the verb


of or relating to the gerund or gerundive
Derived Formsgerundival (ˌdʒɛrənˈdaɪvəl), adjectivegerundively, adverb

Word Origin for gerundive

C17: from Late Latin gerundīvus, from gerundium gerund
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for gerundive

early 15c., from Latin gerundivus (modus), from gerundium (see gerund).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper