ginkgo

or ging·ko

[ ging-koh, jing- ]
/ ˈgɪŋ koʊ, ˈdʒɪŋ- /
|

noun, plural gink·goes.

a large shade tree, Ginkgo biloba, native to China, having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy seeds with edible kernels: the sole surviving species of the gymnosperm family Ginkgoaceae, which thrived in the Jurassic Period, and existing almost exclusively in cultivation.

Nearby words

  1. ginglymoid joint,
  2. ginglymus,
  3. gingrich,
  4. gingrich, newt,
  5. gink,
  6. ginned,
  7. ginnel,
  8. ginnery,
  9. ginnie mae,
  10. ginnungagap

Origin of ginkgo

1765–75; < NL representation of Japanese ginkyō, equivalent to gin silver (< Chinese) + kyō apricot (< Chin)

Also called maidenhair-tree.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for ginkgo


British Dictionary definitions for ginkgo

ginkgo

gingko (ˈɡɪŋkəʊ)

/ (ˈɡɪŋkɡəʊ) /

noun plural -goes or -koes

a widely planted ornamental Chinese gymnosperm tree, Ginkgo biloba, with fan-shaped deciduous leaves and fleshy yellow fruit: phylum Ginkgophyta . It is used in herbal remedies and as a food supplementAlso called: maidenhair tree

Word Origin for ginkgo

C18: from Japanese ginkyō, from Ancient Chinese yin silver + hang apricot

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ginkgo

ginkgo

n.

1773, from Japanese ginkyo, from Chinese yin-hing, from yin "silver" + hing "apricot" (Sino-Japanese kyo). Introduced to New World 1784 by William Hamilton in his garden near Philadelphia.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for ginkgo

ginkgo

A deciduous, dioecious tree (Ginkgo biloba) which is the sole surviving member of the Ginkgoales, an order of gymnosperms that was extremely widespread in the Mesozoic era. It belongs to a genus which has changed very little since the end of the Jurassic period. The tree, a native of China, has fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellowish seeds containing an edible kernel. Ginkgoes are often grown as ornamental street trees.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.