1685–95; < Latingland- (stem of glāns acorn); compare Italianghianda
Related formsgland·less, adjectivegland·like, adjective
[ gland ]
/ glænd /
a sleeve within a stuffing box, fitted over a shaft or valve stem and tightened against compressible packing in such a way as to prevent leakage of fluid while allowing the shaft or stem to move; lantern ring.
a cell or organ in man and other animals that synthesizes chemical substances and secretes them for the body to use or eliminate, either through a duct (exocrine gland) or directly into the bloodstream (endocrine gland)See also exocrine gland, endocrine gland
a structure, such as a lymph node, that resembles a gland in form
a cell or organ in plants that synthesizes and secretes a particular substance
Related formsRelated adjective: adenoidDerived Formsglandlike, adjective
Word Origin for gland
C17: from Latin glāns acorn
a device that prevents leakage of fluid along a rotating shaft or reciprocating rod passing through a boundary between areas of high and low pressure. It often consists of a flanged metal sleeve bedding into a stuffing box
1690s, from French glande (Old French glandre, 13c.), from Latin glandula "gland of the throat, tonsil," diminutive of glans (genitive glandis) "acorn, nut; acorn-shaped ball," from PIE root *gwele- "acorn" (cf. Greek balanos, Armenian kalin, Old Church Slavonic zelodi "acorn;" Lithuanian gile "oak"). Earlier English form was glandula (c.1400).