[ gluhm ]
/ glʌm /

adjective, glum·mer, glum·mest.

sullenly or silently gloomy; dejected.

Nearby words

  1. gluepot,
  2. gluey,
  3. glug,
  4. gluggable,
  5. gluhwein,
  6. glum bum,
  7. glumaceous,
  8. glume,
  9. glumly,
  10. gluon

Origin of glum

1425–75; late Middle English; variant of gloom

moody, sulky; despondent, melancholy. Glum, morose, sullen, dour, surly all are adjectives describing a gloomy, unsociable attitude. Glum describes a depressed, spiritless condition or manner, usually temporary rather than habitual: a glum shrug of the shoulders; a glum, hopeless look in his eye. Morose, which adds to glum a sense of bitterness, implies a habitual and pervasive gloominess: a sour, morose manner; morose withdrawal from human contact. Sullen usually implies reluctance or refusal to speak accompanied by glowering looks expressing anger or a sense of injury: a sullen manner, silence, look. Dour refers to a stern and forbidding aspect, stony and unresponsive: dour rejection of friendly overtures. Surly implies gruffness of speech and manner, usually accompanied by an air of injury and ill temper: a surly reply.

Related formsglum·ly, adverbglum·ness, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for glum

British Dictionary definitions for glum


/ (ɡlʌm) /

adjective glummer or glummest

silent or sullen, as from gloom
Derived Formsglumly, adverbglumness, noun

Word Origin for glum

C16: variant of gloom

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for glum



1540s, "sullen, frowning," from Middle English gloumen (v.) "become dark" (c.1300), later gloumben "look gloomy or sullen" (late 14c.); see gloom. Related: Glumly; glumness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper