glycogen [ glahy-k uh-j uh n, -jen ] SHOW IPA / ˈglaɪ kə dʒən, -ˌdʒɛn / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun . Biochemistry a white, tasteless polysaccharide, (C 6H 10O 5) n, molecularly similar to starch, constituting the principal carbohydrate storage material in animals and occurring chiefly in the liver, in muscle, and in fungi and yeasts. RELATED WORDS carbohydrate
dextrin Origin of glycogen
First recorded in
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for glycogen
It also plays at times the same part as masochistic nightmares, filling as it does, the body with
glycogen and a sense of power.
Like glucose and fructose, galactose seems to promote the production of
glycogen in the body.
Thus we have animal starch, or
glycogen, stored up in the liver.
The body readily converts its supply of
glycogen into glucose, the form in which the body uses the carbohydrates for fuel. British Dictionary definitions for glycogen glycogen / ( ˈɡlaɪkəʊdʒən, -dʒɛn) / noun a polysaccharide consisting of glucose units: the form in which carbohydrate is stored in the liver and muscles in man and animals. It can easily be hydrolysed to glucose Also called: animal starch Derived Forms glycogenic ( ˌɡlaɪkəʊˈdʒɛnɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for glycogen n.
starch-like substance found in the liver and animal tissue, 1860, from French
glycogène, "sugar-producer," from Greek glykys "sweet" (see glucose) + French -gène (see -gen). Coined in 1848 by French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813-1878).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for glycogen n. A polysaccharide that is the main form of carbohydrate storage in animals and occurs mainly in liver and muscle tissue; it is readily converted to glucose. animal starch Related forms gly′co•gen ( ′ic -jĕn) ′ĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for glycogen A polysaccharide stored in animal liver and muscle cells that is easily converted to glucose to meet metabolic energy requirements. Most of the carbohydrate energy stored in animal cells is in the form of glycogen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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