verb (used without object), went, gone, go·ing.
verb (used with object), went, gone, go·ing.
noun, plural goes.
- to occupy oneself with; perform: The shoemaker goes about his work with a smile.
- Nautical.to change course by tacking or wearing.
- to move or proceed.
- to accompany in travel.
- to agree; concur: I can't go along with you on that idea.
- to be often in company (often followed by with): to go around with a bad crowd.
- to be sufficient for all: Is there enough food to go around?
- to pass or circulate, as in transmission or communication: The rumor is going around that he was forced to resign.
- to assault; attack.
- to begin or proceed vigorously: to go at one's work with a will.
- to be disregarded or not taken advantage of: Don't let this chance go by.
- to be guided by or to rely upon: Don't go by what she says.
- to decrease or subside, as in amount or size: Prices went down. The swelling is going down.
- to descend or sink: When does the sun go down?
- to suffer defeat: to go down fighting.
- to be accepted or believed: This nonsense goes down as truth with many persons.
- to admit of being consumed: This food goes down easily.
- to be remembered in history or by posterity.
- Slang.to happen; occur: What's been going down since I've been away?
- British.to leave a university, permanently or at the end of a term.
- Bridge.to fall short of making one's contract.
- Slang: Vulgar.to perform fellatio or cunnilingus.
- to make an attempt at; try for: He is going for the championship.
- to assault.
- to favor; like: It simply isn't the kind of life you would go for.
- to be used for the purpose of or be a substitute for: material that goes for silk.
- to adopt as one's particular interest; approve of; like.
- to occupy oneself with; engage in: Europeans in increasing numbers are going in for camping.
- to discuss or investigate: Let's not go into the question of whose fault it was.
- to undertake as one's study or work: to go into medicine.
- to explode, fire, or perform or begin to function abruptly: A gun went off in the distance.
- (of what has been expected or planned) to happen: The interview went off very badly.
- to leave, especially suddenly: She went off without saying goodbye.
- to die.
- to deteriorate.
- Slang.to experience orgasm.
- to happen or take place: What's going on here?
- to continue: Go on working.
- to behave; act: Don't go on like that!
- to talk effusively; chatter.
- (used to express disbelief): Go on, you're kidding me.
- to appear onstage in a theatrical performance: I go on in the middle of the second act.
- to come to an end, especially to fade in popularity: Silent movies went out as soon as the talkies were perfected.
- to cease or fail to function: The lights went out.
- to participate in a social activity: We usually go out drinking on Friday nights.
- Informal.to have a continuing romantic relationship: They went out for about a year before getting married.
- to take part in a strike: The printers went out yesterday in a contract dispute.
- Rummy.to dispose of the last card in one's hand by melding it on the table.
- Cards.to achieve a point score equal to or above the score necessary to win the game.
- to repeat; review.
- to be effective or successful: The proposal went over very well with the trustees.
- to examine: The mechanic went over the car but found nothing wrong.
- to read; scan.
- to bear; experience.
- to examine or search carefully: He went through all of his things but couldn't find the letter.
- to be successful; be accepted or approved: The proposed appropriation will never go through.
- to use up; spend completely: He went through his allowance in one day.
- to be overwhelmed or ruined; fail.
- (of a ship) to founder.
- to be in the process of construction, as a building.
- to increase in cost, value, etc.
- to forget one's lines during a theatrical performance.
- British.to go to a university at the beginning of a term.
- you don't say! I don't believe you!
- let's do it! come on!
- to be appropriate or harmonious: The rug and curtains don't go together.
- Informal.to keep company; date; court: They have gone together for two years.
- to release one's grasp or hold: Please let go of my arm.
- to free; release.
- to cease to employ; dismiss: Business was slack and many employees were let go.
- to become unrestrained; abandon inhibitions: She'd be good fun if she would just let go and enjoy herself.
- to dismiss; forget; discard: Once he has an idea, he never lets go of it.
- futile; useless: We tried to get there by noon, but it was no go.
- not authorized or approved to proceed; canceled or aborted: Tomorrow's satellite launching is no go.
- very busy; active: She's always on the go.
- while going from place to place; while traveling.
Origin of go1
- to give in; succumb; yield: She tried desperately to fight off her drowsiness, but felt herself going under.
- to fail in business: After 20 years on the same corner they finally went under.
Origin of under
verb (intr, mainly adverb)
Word Origin for under
verb goes, going, went or gone (mainly intr)
- (of time) to elapsethe hours go by so slowly at the office
- to travel pastthe train goes by her house at four
- to be guided (by)
- to start to act so as togo shut the door
- to leave so as togo blow your brains out
- to relax one's hold (on); release
- euphemisticto dismiss (from employment)
- to discuss or consider no further
- to act in an uninhibited manner
- to lose interest in one's appearance, manners, etc
- US and Canadian informal(of food served by a restaurant) for taking away
noun plural goes
- an attempt or tryhe had a go at the stamp business
- an attempt at stopping a person suspected of a crimethe police are not always in favour of the public having a go
- an attack, esp verbalshe had a real go at them
Word Origin for go
Word Origin for go
1727, "action of going," from go (v.). The sense of "a try or turn at something" is from 1825; meaning "something that goes, a success" is from 1876. Phrase on the go "in constant motion" is from 1843.
Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under- (cf. Old Frisian under, Dutch onder, Old High German untar, German unter, Old Norse undir, Gothic undar), from PIE *ndhero- "lower" (cf. Sanskrit adhah "below;" Avestan athara- "lower;" Latin infernus "lower," infra "below").
Notion of "subordination" was present in Old English Also used in Old English as a preposition meaning "between, among," as still in under these circumstances, etc. (though this may be an entirely separate root; see understand). Productive as a prefix in Old English, as in German and Scandinavian. Under the table is from 1921 in the sense of "very drunk," 1940s in sense of "illegal." To get something under (one's) belt is from 1954; to keep something under (one's) hat "secret" is from 1885; to have something under (one's) nose "in plain sight" is from 1540s; to speak under (one's) breath "in a low voice" is attested from 1832. To be under (someone's) thumb "entirely controlled" is recorded from 1754.
Old English gan "to go, advance, depart; happen; conquer; observe," from West Germanic *gai-/*gæ- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian gan, Middle Dutch gaen, Dutch gaan, Old High German gan, German gehen), from PIE *ghe- "to release, let go" (cf. Sanskrit jihite "goes away," Greek kikhano "I reach, meet with"), but there is not general agreement on cognates.
The Old English past tense was eode, of uncertain origin but evidently once a different word (perhaps connected to Gothic iddja); it was replaced 1400s by went, formerly past tense of wenden "to direct one's way" (see wend). In northern England and Scotland, however, eode tended to be replaced by gaed, a construction based on go. In modern English, only be and go take their past tenses from entirely different verbs.
The word in its various forms and combinations takes up 45 columns of close print in the OED. Verbal meaning "say" emerged 1960s in teen slang. Colloquial meaning "urinate or defecate" attested by 1926. Go for broke is from 1951, American English colloquial; go down on "perform oral sex on" is from 1916. That goes without saying (1878) translates French cela va sans dire. As an adjective, "in order," from 1951, originally in aerospace jargon.
Suffer defeat or destruction; fail. For example, We feared the business would go under after the founder died. [Mid-1800s]
Lose consciousness. For example, Ether was the first anesthetic to make patients go under quickly and completely. This usage dates from the 1930s.
Submerge, sink, as in This leaky boat is about to go under.
In addition to the idioms beginning with under
- under a cloud
- under age
- under any circumstances
- under arrest
- under consideration
- under cover
- under false colors
- under fire
- under lock and key
- under one's belt
- under one's breath
- under one's feet
- under one's hat
- under one's nose
- under one's own steam
- under one's skin
- under pain of
- under par
- under someone's spell
- under someone's thumb
- under someone's wing
- under the aegis of
- under the circumstances
- under the counter
- under the gun
- under the hammer
- under the impression
- under the influence
- under the knife
- under the sun
- under the table
- under the weather
- under the wire
- under way
- under wraps
- below (under) par
- born under a lucky star
- buckle under
- come under
- cut the ground from under
- don't let the grass grow under one's feet
- everything but the kitchen sink (under the sun)
- fall under
- false colors, sail under
- get under someone's skin
- go under
- hide one's light under a bushel
- hot under the collar
- keep under one's hat
- knock the bottom out (props out from under)
- knuckle under
- light a fire under
- nothing new under the sun
- of (under) age
- out from under
- plow under
- pull the rug out from under
- put the skids under
- six feet under
- snow under
- sweep under the rug
- water over the dam (under the bridge)