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goiter

[goi-ter]
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noun Pathology.
  1. an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, especially hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet.
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Also especially British, goi·tre.

Origin of goiter

1615–25; < French goitreLatin guttur throat
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for goiter

Historical Examples

  • It was efficacious for all forms of goiter and cannot possibly harm.

    The Propaganda for Reform in Proprietary Medicines, Vol. 2 of 2

    Various

  • It is characterized by goiter, marked deformities and imbecility.

    Being Well-Born

    Michael F. Guyer

  • Another young girl, Miss L., had had a similar operation for goiter six years before.

    Outwitting Our Nerves

    Josephine A. Jackson and Helen M. Salisbury

  • Although this girl's goiter had been removed, the symptoms still persisted.

    Outwitting Our Nerves

    Josephine A. Jackson and Helen M. Salisbury

  • Now and then the goiter moved up and down, each movement indicating the passage of a thought through his sluggish brain.


Word Origin and History for goiter

n.

1620s, from French goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from Old Provençal goitron "throat, gullet," from Vulgar Latin *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from Latin guttur "throat" (see guttural).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

goiter in Medicine

goiter

(goitər)
n.
  1. A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.
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Related formsgoitrous (-trəs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

goiter in Science

goiter

[goitər]
  1. An enlarged thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck. It is often associated with thyroid disease, especially in areas of the world outside of North America where iodine deficiency is endemic.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.