• synonyms


noun, plural (especially collectively) gou·ra·mi, (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) gou·ra·mis.
  1. a large, air-breathing, nest-building, freshwater Asiatic fish, Osphronemus goramy, used for food.
  2. any of several small, air-breathing, nest-building Asiatic fishes of the genera Trichogaster, Colisa, and Trichopsis, often kept in aquariums.
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Origin of gourami

1875–80; < Malay (Java dial.) gurami < Javanese graméh
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for gourami

Historical Examples

  • A fish of Java, the Gourami (Osphronemus olfax), establishes an ovoid nest with the leaves of aquatic plants woven together.

    The Industries of Animals

    Frdric Houssay

  • The surgeon called it the gourami, and said that some successful attempts had been made to introduce the fish in American waters.

  • Achang called the fish the gourami, or something like that; but beyond this nothing was known about him.

British Dictionary definitions for gourami


noun plural -mi or -mis
  1. a large SE Asian labyrinth fish, Osphronemus goramy, used for food and (when young) as an aquarium fish
  2. any of various other labyrinth fishes, such as Helostoma temmincki (kissing gourami), many of which are brightly coloured and popular aquarium fishes
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Word Origin

from Malay gurami
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for gourami


type of freshwater fish, 1878, from Malay gurami.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper