gruff

[gruhf]

adjective, gruff·er, gruff·est.

low and harsh; hoarse: a gruff voice.
rough, brusque, or surly: a gruff manner.

Nearby words

  1. gruelling,
  2. gruenberg,
  3. gruenberg, louis,
  4. gruesome,
  5. gruesomely,
  6. gruffly,
  7. gruffy,
  8. grugru,
  9. gruiform,
  10. gruis

Origin of gruff

1525–35; < Middle Dutch grof coarse; cognate with German grob

Related formsgruff·ish, adjectivegruff·ly, adverbgruff·ness, nounun·gruff, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for gruffness


British Dictionary definitions for gruffness

gruff

adjective

rough or surly in manner, speech, etca gruff reply
(of a voice, bark, etc) low and throaty
Derived Formsgruffish, adjectivegruffly, adverbgruffness, noun

Word Origin for gruff

C16: originally Scottish, from Dutch grof, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German girob; related to Old English hrēof, Lithuanian kraupùs

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for gruffness

gruff

adj.

1530s, "coarse, coarse-grained," from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German grof "coarse (in quality), thick, large," of uncertain origin, regarded by some as related to Old English hreof, Old Norse hrjufr "rough, scabby," with Germanic completive prefix ga-. Sense of "rough, surly" recorded by 1690s. Related: Gruffness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper