[ hah-see-en-duh; Spanish ah-syen-dah ]
/ ˌhɑ siˈɛn də; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑ /

noun, plural ha·ci·en·das [hah-see-en-duh z; Spanish ah-syen-dahs] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn dəz; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑs/. (in Spanish America)

a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
the main house on such an estate.
a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.

Origin of hacienda

1710–20; < Spanish < Latin facienda things to be done or made, neuter plural of faciendus, gerund of facere to do1, make
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for hacienda

British Dictionary definitions for hacienda


/ (ˌhæsɪˈɛndə) /

noun (in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries)

  1. a ranch or large estate
  2. any substantial stock-raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country
the main house on such a ranch or plantation

Word Origin for hacienda

C18: from Spanish, from Latin facienda things to be done, from facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hacienda



1760, from Spanish hacienda "landed estate, plantation," earlier facienda, from Latin facienda "things to be done," from facere "to do" (see factitious). For noun use of a Latin gerundive, cf. agenda. The owner of one is a hacendado.

The change of Latin f- to Spanish h- is characteristic; e.g. hablar from fabulari, hacer from facere, hecho from factum, hermoso from formosum. Confusion of initial h- and f- was common in 16c. Spanish; the conquistador is known in contemporary records as both Hernando and Fernando Cortés.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper