verb (used with object)
- (in the London stock exchange) to dismiss (a person) from membership because of default.
- to depress the price of (a stock).
verb (used without object)
- hamman's syndrome,
- hamman-rich syndrome,
- hammarskjöld, dag,
- hammer and sickle,
- hammer and tongs,
- hammer away at,
- hammer beam,
- hammer blow
Origin of hammer
verb (tr, adverb)
- a heavy metal ball attached to a flexible wire: thrown in competitions
- the event or sport of throwing the hammer
- persistently demanding and critical of someone
- in hot pursuit of someone
- to question in a relentless manner
- to criticize severely
- to announce the default of (a member)
- to cause prices of (securities, the market, etc) to fall by bearish selling
Word Origin for hammer
Old English hamor "hammer," from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz (cf. Old Saxon hamur, Middle Dutch, Dutch hamer, Old High German hamar, German Hammer. The Old Norse cognate hamarr meant "stone, crag" (it's common in English place names), and suggests an original sense of "tool with a stone head," from PIE *akmen "stone, sharp stone used as a tool" (cf. Old Church Slavonic kamy, Russian kameni "stone"), from root *ak- "sharp" (see acme). Hammer and sickle as an emblem of Soviet communism attested from 1921, symbolizing industrial and agricultural labor.
late 14c., from hammer (n.). Meaning "to work (something) out laboriously" recorded from 1580s. Meaning "to defeat heavily" is from 1948. Related: Hammered; hammering. Hammered as a slang synonym for "drunk" attested by 1986.
Work out with considerable effort, as in It took weeks of negotiations to hammer out an acceptable compromise. This usage likens intellectual effort to shaping metal with the blows of a hammer. [Mid-1700s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with hammer
- hammer and tongs
- hammer away at
- hammer out
- under the hammer