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hawking

[haw-king]
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noun
  1. the sport of hunting with hawks or other birds of prey; falconry.
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Origin of hawking

Middle English word dating back to 1300–50; see origin at hawk1, -ing1

Hawking

[haw-king]
noun
  1. Stephen William,born 1942, English mathematician and theoretical physicist.
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hawk

1
[hawk]
noun
  1. any of numerous birds of prey of the family Accipitridae, having a short, hooked beak, broad wings, and curved talons, often seen circling or swooping at low altitudes.
  2. any of several similar, unrelated birds, as the nighthawk.
  3. Informal. a person who preys on others, as a sharper.
  4. Also called war hawk. Informal. a person, especially one in public office, who advocates war or a belligerent national attitude.Compare dove1(def 5).
  5. any person who pursues an aggressive policy in business, government, etc.: The corporation is now run by a bunch of young hawks.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to fly, or hunt on the wing, like a hawk.
  2. to hunt with hawks.
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Origin of hawk

1
before 900; Middle English hauk(e), Old English hafoc; cognate with Old Frisian havek, Old Saxon habuc Old High German habuh, Old Norse haukr hawk, perhaps Polish kobuz kind of falcon
Related formshawk·like, adjective

hawk

2
[hawk]
verb (used with object)
  1. to peddle or offer for sale by calling aloud in public.
  2. to advertise or offer for sale: to hawk soap on television.
  3. to spread (rumors, news, etc.).
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verb (used without object)
  1. to carry wares about for sale; peddle.
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Origin of hawk

2
First recorded in 1470–80; back formation from hawker2

hawk

3
[hawk]
verb (used without object)
  1. to make an effort to raise phlegm from the throat; clear the throat noisily.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to raise by noisily clearing the throat: to hawk phlegm up.
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noun
  1. a noisy effort to clear the throat.
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Origin of hawk

3
1575–85; imitative; see haw1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for hawking

shooting, fishery, angling, fishing, hawk, solicit, handle, auction, move, trade, close, advertise, peddle, market, require, canvass, ask, promote, seek, sputter

Examples from the Web for hawking

Contemporary Examples of hawking

Historical Examples of hawking


British Dictionary definitions for hawking

Hawking

noun
  1. Stephen William. Born 1942, British physicist. Stricken with a progressive nervous disease since the 1960s, he has nevertheless been a leader in cosmological theory. His publications intended for a wide audience include A Brief History of Time (1987) and The Grand Design (2010)
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hawking

noun
  1. another name for falconry
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hawk

1
noun
  1. any of various diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae, such as the goshawk and Cooper's hawk, typically having short rounded wings and a long tailRelated adjective: accipitrine
  2. US and Canadian any of various other falconiform birds, including the falcons but not the eagles or vultures
  3. a person who advocates or supports war or warlike policiesCompare dove 1 (def. 2)
  4. a ruthless or rapacious person
  5. know a hawk from a handsaw to be able to judge things; be discerning
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verb
  1. (intr) to hunt with falcons, hawks, etc
  2. (intr) (of falcons or hawks) to fly in quest of prey
  3. to pursue or attack on the wing, as a hawk
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Derived Formshawklike, adjective

Word Origin for hawk

from Shakespeare (Hamlet II:2:375); handsaw is probably a corruption of dialect heronshaw heron Old English hafoc; related to Old Norse haukr, Old Frisian havek, Old High German habuh, Polish kobuz

hawk

2
verb
  1. to offer (goods) for sale, as in the street
  2. (tr often foll by about) to spread (news, gossip, etc)
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Word Origin for hawk

C16: back formation from hawker 1

hawk

3
verb
  1. (intr) to clear the throat noisily
  2. (tr) to force (phlegm) up from the throat
  3. British a slang word for spit 1
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noun
  1. a noisy clearing of the throat
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Word Origin for hawk

C16: of imitative origin; see haw ²

hawk

4
noun
  1. a small square board with a handle underneath, used for carrying wet plaster or mortarAlso called: mortar board
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Word Origin for hawk

of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hawking

hawk

v.2

"to hunt with a hawk," mid-14c., from hawk (n.).

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hawk

v.3

"to clear one's throat," 1580s, imitative.

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hawk

n.

c.1300, hauk, earlier havek (c.1200), from Old English hafoc (W. Saxon), heafuc (Mercian), heafoc, from Proto-Germanic *habukaz (cf. Old Norse haukr, Old Saxon habuc, Middle Dutch havik, Old High German habuh, German Habicht "hawk"), from a root meaning "to seize," from PIE *kap- "to grasp" (cf. Russian kobec "a kind of falcon;" see capable). Transferred sense of "militarist" attested from 1962.

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hawk

v.1

"to sell in the open, peddle," late 15c., back-formation from hawker "itinerant vendor" (c.1400), from Middle Low German höken "to peddle, carry on the back, squat," from Proto-Germanic *huk-. Related: Hawked; hawking. Despite the etymological connection with stooping under a burden on one's back, a hawker is technically distinguished from a peddler by use of a horse and cart or a van.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hawking in Science

Hawking

[hôkĭng]
  1. British physicist noted for his study of black holes and the origin of the universe, especially the big bang theory. His work has provided much of the mathematical basis for scientific explanations of the physical properties of black holes.
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Biography: The world-renowned theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking needs little introduction to those familiar with the bespectacled man who uses a wheelchair and lectures around the world with the aid of a computerized speech synthesizer. The condition that has left him all but totally paralyzed, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is usually fatal within a few years; but Hawking has beaten the odds by living with the disease for all his adult life, since its onset when he was a 20-year-old college student. Hawking's story is a testament to a determined person's ability to overcome unexpected adversity-his career in fact did not take off until after the disease had been diagnosed. Hawking partly credits the disease for giving him a sense of purpose and the ability to enjoy life. His academic position at Oxford is a chaired professorship in mathematics that was also held by Isaac Newton, in 1669. He originally set out to study mathematics, but it is for his discoveries in physics that he is best known. With his collaborator Roger Penrose, he theorized that Einstein's Theory of General Relativity predicts that space and time have a definite origin and conclusion, providing mathematical support for the Big Bang theory. This led to further attempts to unify General Relativity with quantum theory, one consequence of which is the intriguing view that black holes are not entirely “black,” as originally thought, but emit radiation and should eventually evaporate and disappear.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with hawking

hawk

see watch like a hawk.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.