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Hercynian

adjective
  1. denoting a period of mountain building in Europe in the late Palaeozoic
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Word Origin

C16: from Latin Hercynia silva the Hercynian forest (i.e., the wooded mountains of central Germany, esp the Erzgebirge)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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Word Origin and History for hercynian

Hercynian

adj.

1580s, designating the forest-covered mountains of ancient Germany, from Latin Hercynia (silva) "Hercynian (forest)," related to Greek Orkynios drymos, probably from Old Celtic *Perkunya, from PIE *perq(o)- "oak, oak forest, wooded mountain" (see fir).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper