[ hes-puh-rid-ee-uhm ]
/ ˌhɛs pəˈrɪd i əm /
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noun, plural hes·per·id·i·a [hes-puh-rid-ee-uh]. /ˌhɛs pəˈrɪd i ə/. Botany.
the fruit of a citrus plant, as an orange.
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Origin of hesperidium
First recorded 1865–70; from New Latin, from hesperid-, a combining form used in botany meaning “derived from citrus fruit” + -ium. Hesperid- derives from Latin Hesperides, from Greek Hesperídes (the plural of the peculiar feminine adjective hesperís, equivalent to hespérios “western”), denoting the daughters of Evening who guarded the golden apples, the garden where these golden apples grew, and the island where the garden was (see Islands of the Blessed). It is uncertain whether the golden apples were apples or a kind of citrus fruit, in particular, the orange. The Swedish botanist Linnaeus, alluding to the Hesperides, gave the taxonomic name Hesperideae to the botanical order that contains the genus Citrus;see Hesperus
OTHER WORDS FROM hesperidiumhes·per·i·date [he-sper-i-deyt], /hɛˈspɛr ɪˌdeɪt/, hes·per·id·e·ous, adjective
Words nearby hesperidium
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
How to use hesperidium in a sentence
Both pepo and hesperidium may be considered as modifications of the berry.
British Dictionary definitions for hesperidium
/ (ˌhɛspəˈrɪdɪəm) /
botany the fruit of citrus plants, in which the flesh consists of fluid-filled hairs and is protected by a tough rind
Word Origin for hesperidium
C19: New Latin; alluding to the fruit in the garden of the Hesperides
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012