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hesperidium

[ hes-puh-rid-ee-uhm ]
/ ˌhɛs pəˈrɪd i əm /
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noun, plural hes·per·id·i·a [hes-puh-rid-ee-uh]. /ˌhɛs pəˈrɪd i ə/. Botany.

the fruit of a citrus plant, as an orange.

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Origin of hesperidium

First recorded 1865–70; from New Latin, from hesperid-, a combining form used in botany meaning “derived from citrus fruit” + -ium. Hesperid- derives from Latin Hesperides, from Greek Hesperídes (the plural of the peculiar feminine adjective hesperís, equivalent to hespérios “western”), denoting the daughters of Evening who guarded the golden apples, the garden where these golden apples grew, and the island where the garden was (see Islands of the Blessed). It is uncertain whether the golden apples were apples or a kind of citrus fruit, in particular, the orange. The Swedish botanist Linnaeus, alluding to the Hesperides, gave the taxonomic name Hesperideae to the botanical order that contains the genus Citrus;see Hesperus

OTHER WORDS FROM hesperidium

hes·per·i·date [he-sper-i-deyt], /hɛˈspɛr ɪˌdeɪt/, hes·per·id·e·ous, adjective

Words nearby hesperidium

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use hesperidium in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for hesperidium

hesperidium
/ (ˌhɛspəˈrɪdɪəm) /

noun

botany the fruit of citrus plants, in which the flesh consists of fluid-filled hairs and is protected by a tough rind

Word Origin for hesperidium

C19: New Latin; alluding to the fruit in the garden of the Hesperides
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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