Hessian

[ hesh-uhn ]
/ ˈhɛʃ ən /

adjective

of or relating to the state of Hesse or its inhabitants.

noun

a native or inhabitant of Hesse.
a Hessian mercenary used by England during the American Revolution.
a hireling or ruffian.
(lowercase) burlap.
Also called Hessian andiron. (in the U.S.) an andiron having as an upright the figure of a Hessian soldier of the Revolutionary War.

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Origin of Hessian

1670–80; Hesse, Germany + -ian

OTHER WORDS FROM Hessian

half-Hessian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for Hessian

British Dictionary definitions for Hessian (1 of 2)

hessian
/ (ˈhɛsɪən) /

noun

a coarse jute fabric similar to sacking, used for bags, upholstery, etc

Word Origin for hessian

C18: from Hesse + -ian

British Dictionary definitions for Hessian (2 of 2)

Hessian
/ (ˈhɛsɪən) /

noun

a native or inhabitant of Hesse
  1. a Hessian soldier in any of the mercenary units of the British Army in the War of American Independence or the Napoleonic Wars
  2. US any German mercenary in the British Army during the War of American Independence
mainly US a mercenary or ruffian

adjective

of or relating to Hesse or its inhabitants
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012