verb (used with object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
- to move into a certain position or situation: to heave a vessel aback.
- to move in a certain direction: Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
verb (used without object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
- to move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation: heave about; heave alongside; heave in stays.
- (of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
- to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
- to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
- Nautical. to stop the headway of (a vessel), especially by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
- to come to a halt.
Origin of heave
Examples from the Web for hove
She hove to, and the next moment her guns thundered thirteen times.The Story of John Paul Jones|Chelsea Curtis Fraser
One night he carried up some of the best pieces and hove them overboard.Peter Trawl|W. H. G. Kingston
We've come to sport with you, my young friends, for a while, because our beloved house-master has hove us out of our diggin's.Stalky & Co.|Rudyard Kipling
The ship, hove too, was off her course; but when she filled, she brought the wreck right abreast of the port-hole in my cabin.The Wreck of the Grosvenor, Volume 1 of 3|William Clark Russell
At last it hove into sight, moving at a hesitating gait along the slippery rails.Molly Brown's Sophomore Days|Nell Speed
verb heaves, heaving or heaved or mainly nautical hove
- to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or positionto heave in sight
- (intr) (of a vessel) to pitch or roll
Word Origin for heave
"wait, linger, hover," mid-13c., of unknown origin. Chiefly nautical at first, of ships standing off a coast, also of birds in the air. Common 13c.-16c., then superseded by its derivative, hover.
"to rise up, to swell," 1590s, from heave, perhaps pulled from a past tense form.
1570s, from heave (v.).
Old English hebban "to lift, raise; lift up, exalt" (class VI strong verb; past tense hof, past participle hafen), from Proto-Germanic *hafjan (cf. Old Norse hefja, Dutch heffen, German heben, Gothic hafjan "to lift, raise"), from PIE *kap-yo-, from root *kap- "to grasp" (see capable).
Related to Old English habban "to hold, possess." Intransitive use by c.1200. Meaning "to throw" is from 1590s. Sense of "retch, make an effort to vomit" is first attested c.1600. Related: Heaved; heaving. Nautical heave-ho was a chant in lifting (c.1300, hevelow).