hydrogenate

[hahy-druh-juh-neyt, hahy-droj-uh-]
verb (used with object), hy·dro·gen·at·ed, hy·dro·gen·at·ing.
  1. to combine or treat with hydrogen, especially to add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound).

Origin of hydrogenate

First recorded in 1800–10; hydrogen + -ate1
Related formshy·dro·gen·a·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for hydrogenate

hydrogenate

hydrogenize or hydrogenise

verb
  1. to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction with hydrogento hydrogenate ethylene
Derived Formshydrogenation, hydrogenization or hydrogenisation, nounhydrogenator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hydrogenate
v.

1809, from hydrogen + -ate (2). Related: Hydrogenated; hydrogenation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hydrogenate in Science

hydrogenate

[hīdrə-jə-nāt′, hī-drŏjə-nāt′]
  1. To treat or combine chemically an unsaturated compound with hydrogen. Liquid vegetable oils are often hydrogenated to turn them into solids.
  2. To turn coal into oil by combining its carbon with hydrogen to form hydrocarbons.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.