Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

hydrolysis

[hahy-drol-uh-sis]
See more synonyms for hydrolysis on Thesaurus.com
noun, plural hy·drol·y·ses [hahy-drol-uh-seez] /haɪˈdrɒl əˌsiz/.
  1. chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
Show More

Origin of hydrolysis

First recorded in 1875–80; hydro-1 + -lysis

hydrolyze

[hahy-druh-lahyz]
verb (used with or without object), hy·dro·lyzed, hy·dro·lyz·ing.
  1. to subject or be subjected to hydrolysis.
Show More
Also especially British, hy·dro·lyse.

Origin of hydrolyze

First recorded in 1875–80; hydro(lysis) + -lyze
Related formshy·dro·lyz·a·ble, adjectivehy·dro·ly·za·tion, nounhy·dro·lyz·er, nounun·hy·dro·lyzed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hydrolyses

Historical Examples

  • This compound combines with hydrocyanic acid to form a nitrile which hydrolyses to dichlor-hydroxy iso-butyric acid.

    Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4

    Various

  • Jalapin or scammonin, C34H56O16, occurs in scammony; it hydrolyses to glucose and jalapinolic acid.


British Dictionary definitions for hydrolyses

hydrolysis

noun
  1. a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds
Show More
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hydrolyses

hydrolysis

n.

"chemical decomposition by water," 1880, formed in English from hydro- + Greek lysis "a loosening, a dissolution," from lyein "to loosen, dissolve" (see lose).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hydrolyses in Medicine

hydrolysis

(hī-drŏlĭ-sĭs)
n.
  1. Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.
Show More
Related formshy′dro•lytic (-drə-lĭtĭk) adj.hydro•lyze′ (-drə-līz) v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

hydrolyses in Science

hydrolysis

[hī-drŏlĭ-sĭs]
  1. The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving the ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. The proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates in food are broken down in the body by hydrolysis that is catalyzed by enzymes in the digestive tract.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.