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hydrolysis

[ hahy-drol-uh-sis ]
/ haɪˈdrɒl ə sɪs /
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noun, plural hy·drol·y·ses [hahy-drol-uh-seez]. /haɪˈdrɒl əˌsiz/.

chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.

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Origin of hydrolysis

First recorded in 1875–80; hydro-1 + -lysis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for hydrolysis

British Dictionary definitions for hydrolysis

hydrolysis
/ (haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs) /

noun

a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for hydrolysis

hydrolysis
[ hī-drŏlĭ-sĭs ]

n.

Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.

Other words from hydrolysis

hy′dro•lytic (-drə-lĭtĭk) adj.hydro•lyze′ (-drə-līz) v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for hydrolysis

hydrolysis
[ hī-drŏlĭ-sĭs ]

The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving the ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. The proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates in food are broken down in the body by hydrolysis that is catalyzed by enzymes in the digestive tract.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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