[ hahy-jeen ]
/ ˈhaɪ dʒin /


Also hygienics. the science that deals with the preservation of health.
a condition or practice conducive to the preservation of health, as cleanliness.

Nearby words

  1. hygeia,
  2. hygge,
  3. hygiea,
  4. hygieia,
  5. hygieist,
  6. hygienic,
  7. hygienics,
  8. hygienist,
  9. hyginus,
  10. hygric

Origin of hygiene

1590–1600; < French hygiène < New Latin hygieina < Greek hygieinḕ (téchnē) healthful (art), feminine of hygieinós healthful, equivalent to hygiḗ(s) healthy + -inos -ine1

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for hygienes


/ (ˈhaɪdʒiːn) /


Also called: hygienics the science concerned with the maintenance of health
clean or healthy practices or thinkingpersonal hygiene

Word Origin for hygiene

C18: from New Latin hygiēna, from Greek hugieinē, from hugiēs healthy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hygienes



1670s, from French hygiène, ultimately from Greek hygieine techne "the healthful art," from hygies "healthy," literally "living well" (personified as the goddess Hygieia), from PIE *eyu-gwie-es- "having a vigorous life." The Greek adjective was used by Aristotle as a noun meaning "health."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for hygienes


[ hījēn′ ]


The science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health.hygienics
The conditions and practices that serve to promote or preserve health, as those followed for personal hygiene.
Related formshy•gienist (hī-jēnĭst, hī-jĕnĭst) n.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.