[ hahy-puh-nim ]
/ ˈhaɪ pə nɪm /

noun Linguistics.

a term that denotes a subcategory of a more general class: “Chair” and “table” are hyponyms of “furniture.”Compare superordinate(def 4).


Can You Ace This Quiz About “Compliment” vs. “Complement”?
Take this quiz to see if you really know the difference between “compliment” and “complement"!
Question 1 of 11
“Compliment” and “complement” had a shared meaning a long time ago, but today they are no longer interchangeable.

Origin of hyponym

1960–65; hyp- + -onym, or as back formation from hyponymy


hy·pon·y·mous [hahy-pon-uh-muh s] /haɪˈpɒn ə məs/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for hyponymous

/ (ˈhaɪpəʊnɪm) /


a word whose meaning is included in that of another word`scarlet', `vermilion', and `crimson' are hyponyms of `red' Compare superordinate (def. 3), synonym, antonym

Derived forms of hyponym

hyponymy (haɪˈpɒnəmɪ), noun

Word Origin for hyponym

C20: from hypo- + Greek onoma name
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012