noun, plural hy·poth·e·ses [hahy-poth-uh-seez, hi-] /haɪˈpɒθ əˌsiz, hɪ-/.
- hypothesis testing,
- hypothetical imperative
Origin of hypothesis
Examples from the Web for hypotheses
The whole point of deriving predictions in science is to test models, hypotheses, theories.Evangelicals Still Don’t Know What to Do With the Big Bang|Karl W. Giberson|March 23, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Three individuals whose fervent belief in their inventions, hypotheses, and God led them to take chances others might not.
He always read the research literature extensively to generate his hypotheses.How Social Scientists, and the Rest of Us, Got Seduced By a Good Story|Megan McArdle|April 30, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Agreement between these different kinds of natural clocks leads to confidence in our hypotheses.How Long Is a Year? Is the Earth Slowing Down? And Other Questions About Time|Neil Shubin|January 6, 2013|DAILY BEAST
The hypotheses they retain in order to preserve the triple-A rating of one while withdrawing it from another?
Neither of which hypotheses was correct, for as we have already heard, Hopkins had departed for Norway.Toppleton's Client|John Kendrick Bangs
There may be other hypotheses which fit the facts much better, but none seems yet to have been suggested.Climatic Changes|Ellsworth Huntington
If they were not, the hypotheses which I venture to present are of no value, while that of Mr. Atkinson shares their doom.Social Origins and Primal Law|Andrew Lang
We should rather recognise a place for fools' hypotheses, as Darwin did for "fools' experiments."Logic|Carveth Read
Almost all the peculiarities of the Memphite tomb are to be explained by the hypotheses with which primitive man is content.A history of art in ancient Egypt, Vol. I (of 2)|Georges Perrot
noun plural -ses (-ˌsiːz)
Word Origin for hypothesis
plural of hypothesis.
1590s, from Middle French hypothese and directly from Late Latin hypothesis, from Greek hypothesis "base, basis of an argument, supposition," literally "a placing under," from hypo- "under" (see sub-) + thesis "a placing, proposition" (see thesis). A term in logic; narrower scientific sense is from 1640s.
n. pl. hy•poth•e•ses (-sēz′)
Plural hypotheses (hī-pŏth′ĭ-sēz′)
The words hypothesis, law, and theory refer to different kinds of statements, or sets of statements, that scientists make about natural phenomena. A hypothesis is a proposition that attempts to explain a set of facts in a unified way. It generally forms the basis of experiments designed to establish its plausibility. Simplicity, elegance, and consistency with previously established hypotheses or laws are also major factors in determining the acceptance of a hypothesis. Though a hypothesis can never be proven true (in fact, hypotheses generally leave some facts unexplained), it can sometimes be verified beyond reasonable doubt in the context of a particular theoretical approach. A scientific law is a hypothesis that is assumed to be universally true. A law has good predictive power, allowing a scientist (or engineer) to model a physical system and predict what will happen under various conditions. New hypotheses inconsistent with well-established laws are generally rejected, barring major changes to the approach. An example is the law of conservation of energy, which was firmly established but had to be qualified with the revolutionary advent of quantum mechanics and the uncertainty principle. A theory is a set of statements, including laws and hypotheses, that explains a group of observations or phenomena in terms of those laws and hypotheses. A theory thus accounts for a wider variety of events than a law does. Broad acceptance of a theory comes when it has been tested repeatedly on new data and been used to make accurate predictions. Although a theory generally contains hypotheses that are still open to revision, sometimes it is hard to know where the hypothesis ends and the law or theory begins. Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, for example, consists of statements that were originally considered to be hypotheses (and daring at that). But all the hypotheses of relativity have now achieved the authority of scientific laws, and Einstein's theory has supplanted Newton's laws of motion. In some cases, such as the germ theory of infectious disease, a theory becomes so completely accepted, it stops being referred to as a theory.
plur. hypotheses (heye-poth-uh-seez)
In science, a statement of a possible explanation for some natural phenomenon. A hypothesis is tested by drawing conclusions from it; if observation and experimentation show a conclusion to be false, the hypothesis must be false. (See scientific method and theory.)