[ahys-luh nd]


a large island in the N Atlantic between Greenland and Scandinavia. 39,698 sq. mi. (102,820 sq. km).
a republic including this island and several smaller islands: formerly Danish; independent since 1944. Capital: Reykjavik.

Related formsIce·land·er [ahys-lan-der, -luh n-der] /ˈaɪsˌlæn dər, -lən dər/, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for icelander

Historical Examples of icelander

  • His father was an Icelander, his mother a Dane, and both very poor.


    M. Pearson Thomson

  • The manager is an Icelander, who has one assistant only, who keeps the books.

    A Girl's Ride in Iceland

    Ethel Brilliana Alec-Tweedie

  • Taking an Icelander, by the name of Holm, as his guide, he entered Lapland.

    Louis Philippe

    John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott

  • For the same reason the Icelander differs from the Greenlander.

    Man and His Migrations

    R. G. (Robert Gordon) Latham

  • A specimen of the customs of the country as observed by at least one Icelander!

    Across Iceland

    William Bisiker

British Dictionary definitions for icelander



a native, citizen, or inhabitant of Iceland



an island republic in the N Atlantic, regarded as part of Europe: settled by Norsemen, who established a legislative assembly in 930; under Danish rule (1380–1918); gained independence in 1918 and became a republic in 1944; contains large areas of glaciers, snowfields, and lava beds with many volcanoes and hot springs (the chief source of domestic heat); inhabited chiefly along the SW coast. The economy is based largely on fishing and tourism. Official language: Icelandic. Official religion: Evangelical Lutheran. Currency: króna. Capital: Reykjavik. Pop: 315 281 (2013 est). Area: 102 828 sq km (39 702 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

icelander in Culture


Island republic in the north Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle, west of Norway and southeast of Greenland. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavik.


Iceland proclaimed its independence from Denmark in 1944.


It is a member of NATO.


A unique combination of glaciers and plate tectonics has resulted in an unusual land surface, dominated by a rugged coastline, hot springs, geysers, and volcanoes.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.