[ ahy-dee-uh-list ]
/ aɪˈdi ə lɪst /
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a person who cherishes or pursues high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc.
a visionary or impractical person.
a person who represents things as they might or should be rather than as they are: My friend is an idealist, who somehow thinks that we always agree.
a writer or artist who treats subjects imaginatively.
a person who accepts the doctrines of philosophical idealism, as by representing things in an ideal form, or as they might or should be rather than as they are.


of or relating to idealism or idealists; idealistic.



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Origin of idealist

First recorded in 1695–1705; ideal + -ist

historical usage of idealist

Originally the term idealist applied to followers of any philosophical school of thought (often called idealism ) which emphasized the role of ideas in explaining reality. Over time, the meaning of the term broadened to include first anyone strongly guided by an ideal, and then those who believed, often unrealistically, in something that might be unattainable—which is probably the most common use of the word today.
Ideal comes from the Late Latin word ideālis, which means “existing as an idea or archetype.” The earliest recorded use of idealist in English occurs in 1701 in philosopher John Norris’s Essay toward the Theory of the Ideal or Intelligible World, in which he references the Greek philosopher Plato’s “theory of forms.” Plato had posited that everything we perceive is actually a representation of ideal things, but not the things themselves. Idealism gained popularity in various guises in the 18th-century works of philosophers such as Berkeley, Kant, and Hegel.
By the start of the 19th century, the meaning of idealist broadened to describe artists or writers who treated subjects with imagination, in contrast to a naturalist or realist, who depicted a real-world atmosphere in their art. A few decades later, the term was applied to visionaries, and soon after to people who were so imbued with an ideal that they failed to see the world for what it is. Today, the word can be a two-edged sword: if a person calls herself an idealist she very likely means it positively, as in the pursuit of a higher good. However, if somebody else calls her an idealist, that person can mean that she is impractical or naive.

popular references for idealist

—Idealist.org: a job-search website that connects people who want to work or volunteer their services with not-for-profit organizations.


an·ti-i·de·al·ist, noun, adjectivehy·per·i·de·al·ist, nounsu·per·i·de·al·ist, noun, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

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