- a suit or action at law; cause.
- a set of facts giving rise to a legal claim, or to a defense to a legal claim.
- a category in the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, noting the syntactic relation of these words to other words in the sentence, indicated by the form or the position of the words.
- a set of such categories in a particular language.
- the meaning of or the meaning typical of such a category.
- such categories or their meanings collectively.
Origin of case1
British Dictionary definitions for in case (1 of 2)
- a person attended or served by a doctor, social worker, solicitor, etc; patient or client
- (as modifier)a case study
- an action or suit at law or something that forms sufficient grounds for bringing an actionhe has a good case
- the evidence offered in court to support a claim
- a set of grammatical categories of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, marked by inflection in some languages, indicating the relation of the noun, adjective, or pronoun to other words in the sentence
- any one of these categoriesthe nominative case
- in order to allow for eventualities
- (as conjunction) in order to allow for the possibility thattake your coat in case it rains
- US if
Word Origin for case
British Dictionary definitions for in case (2 of 2)
- a container, such as a box or chest
- (in combination)suitcase; briefcase
Word Origin for case
Medicine definitions for in case
Culture definitions for in case
A grammatical category indicating whether nouns and pronouns are functioning as the subject of a sentence (nominative case) or the object of a sentence (objective case), or are indicating possession (possessive case). He is in the nominative case, him is in the objective case, and his is in the possessive case. In a language such as English, nouns do not change their form in the nominative or objective case. Only pronouns do. Thus, ball stays the same in both “the ball is thrown,” where it is the subject, and in “Harry threw the ball,” where it is the object.
Idioms and Phrases with in case (1 of 2)
Also, just in case. If it should happen that. For example, In case he doesn't show up, we have a backup speaker. The variant also is used without a following clause to mean simply “as a precaution,” as in I took an umbrella just in case. [c. 1400]
in case of; in the event of. If there should happen to be. For example, Here is a number to call in case of an emergency, or In the event of a power failure, we'll have to shift our plans. Similarly, in that case means “if that should happen,” as in You're alone in the store? In that case I'll bring your lunch. The first usage dates from the early 1700s, the second (with event) from about 1600, and the third from the mid-1800s. Also see in any case; in no case; in the case of.
Idioms and Phrases with in case (2 of 2)
In addition to the idiom beginning with case
- case in point
- basket case
- get down to brass tacks (cases)
- have a case on
- in any case
- in case of
- in no case
- in the case of
- just in case
- make a federal case
- off someone's back (case)
- open and shut case