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See more synonyms for include on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object), in·clud·ed, in·clud·ing.
  1. to contain, as a whole does parts or any part or element: The package includes the computer, program, disks, and a manual.
  2. to place in an aggregate, class, category, or the like.
  3. to contain as a subordinate element; involve as a factor.
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Origin of include

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin inclūdere to shut in, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clūdere, combining form of claudere to shut (cf. close)
Related formsin·clud·a·ble, in·clud·i·ble, adjectivepre·in·clude, verb (used with object), pre·in·clud·ed, pre·in·clud·ing.re·in·clude, verb (used with object), re·in·clud·ed, re·in·clud·ing.un·in·clud·a·ble, adjectiveun·in·clud·i·ble, adjective


See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
1. embody. Include, comprehend, comprise, embrace imply containing parts of a whole. To include is to contain as a part or member, or among the parts and members, of a whole: The list includes many new names. To comprehend is to have within the limits, scope, or range of references, as either a part or the whole number of items concerned: The plan comprehends several projects. To comprise is to consist of, as the various parts serving to make up the whole: This genus comprises 50 species. Embrace emphasizes the extent or assortment of that which is included: The report embraces a great variety of subjects.


Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Examples from the Web for including

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Even the most sanguine now gave her up for lost, including the owners.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Above all, because including all, the century will ask for men of sober mind.

  • The loss of the Danes, including prisoners, amounted to about six thousand.

  • She turned from one to the other, including them both in a look of warm loving-kindness.

    Meadow Grass

    Alice Brown

  • Including the sloop and the Halkett- boat, there was about 1500 lbs.

    The Field of Ice

    Jules Verne

British Dictionary definitions for including


verb (tr)
  1. to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain
  2. to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
  3. to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element
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Derived Formsincludable or includible, adjective

Word Origin

C15 (in the sense: to enclose): from Latin inclūdere to enclose, from in- ² + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for including



c.1400, from Latin includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)). The alleged Sam Goldwyn-ism, "Include me out," is attested from 1937. Related: Included; including.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper