verb (used with object), in·curred, in·cur·ring.

to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious): to incur a huge number of debts.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself: to incur his displeasure.

Origin of incur

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related formsin·cur·ra·ble, adjectivere·in·cur, verb (used with object), re·in·curred, re·in·cur·ring.self-in·curred, adjective

Synonyms for incur Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for incurred

acquire, earn, provoke, arouse, obtain, draw, get, induce, contract, gain, catch

Examples from the Web for incurred

Contemporary Examples of incurred

Historical Examples of incurred

  • But nevertheless he could not leave it behind since it was for this he had incurred his present peril.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • The chagrin of his rival was to pay for all the inconvenience which he incurred himself.

    The Black Tulip

    Alexandre Dumas (Pere)

  • Paris, however, was an ocean; it was there that he incurred the least risk of capture.

  • Whoever failed to answer my questions, in those days, incurred my forgiveness.

    The Cavalier

    George Washington Cable

  • It startled him to discover that the thought that he had incurred her anger gave him concern.

    Captain Blood

    Rafael Sabatini

British Dictionary definitions for incurred


verb -curs, -curring or -curred (tr)

to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
to run into or encounter
Derived Formsincurrable, adjective

Word Origin for incur

C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for incurred



early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper