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inflict

[ in-flikt ]
/ ɪnˈflɪkt /
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See synonyms for: inflict / inflicted / inflicts on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object)
to impose as something that must be borne or suffered: to inflict punishment.
to impose (anything unwelcome): The regime inflicted burdensome taxes on the people.
to deal or deliver, as a blow.
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The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
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Origin of inflict

First recorded in 1520–30; from Latin inflīctus, past participle of inflīgere “to strike or dash against,” equivalent to in- “in” + flīg- (stem of flīgere “to beat down”) + -tus past participle suffix; see in-2

OTHER WORDS FROM inflict

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH inflict

afflict, infect, inflict
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use inflict in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for inflict

inflict
/ (ɪnˈflɪkt) /

verb (tr)
(often foll by on or upon) to impose (something unwelcome, such as pain, oneself, etc)
rare to cause to suffer; afflict (with)
to deal out (blows, lashes, etc)

Derived forms of inflict

inflictable, adjectiveinflicter or inflictor, nouninfliction, nouninflictive, adjective

Word Origin for inflict

C16: from Latin inflīgere to strike (something) against, dash against, from flīgere to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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