infringe

[in-frinj]
verb (used with object), in·fringed, in·fring·ing.
  1. to commit a breach or infraction of; violate or transgress: to infringe a copyright; to infringe a rule.
verb (used without object), in·fringed, in·fring·ing.
  1. to encroach or trespass (usually followed by on or upon): Don't infringe on his privacy.

Origin of infringe

1525–35; < Latin infringere to break, weaken, equivalent to in- in-2 + -fringere, combining form of frangere to break
Related formsin·fring·er, nounun·in·fringed, adjective
Can be confusedinfringe impinge

Synonyms for infringe

1. break, disobey. 2. poach. See trespass.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for infringed

infringe

verb
  1. (tr) to violate or break (a law, an agreement, etc)
  2. (intr; foll by on or upon) to encroach or trespass
Derived Formsinfringement, nouninfringer, noun

Word Origin for infringe

C16: from Latin infringere to break off, from frangere to break
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for infringed

infringe

v.

mid-15c., enfrangen, "to violate," from Latin infringere "to damage, break off, break, bruise," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + frangere "to break" (see fraction). Meaning of "encroach" first recorded c.1760. Related: Infringed; infringing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper